Greece: Athens (Room 19)

430 400 BC

Open Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Sunday 10.00-17.30

When the Parthenon was completed in 432 BC, Athens had already embarked on the disastrous 'Peloponnesian War' against Sparta. Final defeat in 404 BC brought about the end of Athens’ golden age and stripped the city of its empire, defences and - for a time at least - its democratic government. The building programme on the Athenian Acropolis was interrupted by the war.

The temple of Athena Nike and the Erechtheum were two buildings that suffered delays and both are represented by sculpture and architecture in Room 19.

Marble grave-markers and smaller objects explore the themes of war and death, and war and escapism.