Hittite (Scope note)

Between 1400 and 1200 BC the Hittites established one of the great empires of the ancient Middle East. At its height, the empire (also called the New Kingdom) encompassed central Turkey, north western Syria, and Upper Mesopotamia (north eastern Syria and northern Iraq). By 1300 the Hittite Empire bordered on Egypt and both powers vied for control of wealthy cities on the Mediterranean coast. This led to the Battle of Kadesh with Rameses II (1274 BC).