Salah al-Din (Saladin) (Biographical details)

Salah al-Din (Saladin) (ruler; Kurdish; Male; 1137; 1174 - 1197; 1193; ; independent rule; AH 570-AH 589)

Also known as

Salah al-Din; Ayyubid; Saladin; al-Malik al-Nasir I Yusuf ibn Najm al-Din Ayyub

Biography

Kurdish ruler, founder of Ayyubid dynasty. Ruled from 1171-1173 (AH 567-AH 569) as vassal of the Zengids before becoming an independent ruler. After his uncle Shirkuh gained control of Egypt under the last Fatamid Caliph al-Aziz he died and Saladin was recognised by the troops as the successor. Saladin replaced the Isma'ili Shi'a religion of the Fatamids in Egypt with the Sunni religion. Saladin is associated with his success in Palestine. After his victory at Hattin in 1187 (AH 583) the holy city of Jerusalem fell into Muslim rule after 80 years of Christian rule.

Bibliography

C. E. Bosworth, 'The New Islamic Dynasties', Edinburgh University Press, 1996 (pp.70 & 73-74).