Yashima Gakutei (八島岳亭) (Biographical details)

Yashima Gakutei (八島岳亭) (printmaker; painter/draughtsman; Japanese; Male; c. 1786; c. 1815 - c. 1868; c. 1852; ; active)

Also known as

Yashima Gakutei; Gakutei (岳亭); Gakutei Sanjin (岳亭山人); Gogaku (五岳); Ichiro (一老); Kyuzan (丘山); Nanzan (南山); Yotei (陽亭); Yosai (陽斎); Koen (黄園); Shinkado (神歌堂); Shinkyudo (神岳堂); Ryosa (梁左); Horikawa Taro (堀川多楼); Hokyo (鳳卿); Harunobu (春信); Sadaoka (定岡); Sugawara (菅原); Maruya Onokichi (丸屋斧吉)

Biography

The illegitimate son of a bakufu retainer, one Hirata of Kasumigaseki. His mother then married into the Yashima family of Aoyama Midorigaoka (or Kubo-cho), by whom he was adopted. Later lived in Minami Denma-cho; Ningyo-cho; Nihonbashi Sakamoto-cho. Said to be a pupil of Tatsumi Shuei, then studied with Hokkei. Gakutei's first illustrations to popular fiction appeared in 1815, and the following year the first of his 'surimono', in which genre he would become a leading designer during the 1820s and 30s. An important author and illustrator of popular fiction, including the 'yomihon Ehon saiyu zenden' (completed in 1835) based on the Chinese novel 'Xi you ji' ('Record of the Westward Journey'). Gakutei made visits to the Osaka/Kyoto region in c. 1818-20 and 1831-2; in 1836 was living close to the Kamo River in Kyoto and in 1837-9 in Osaka. The most famous product of his time spent in Osaka is the folding colour-printed album 'Naniwa meisho Tenpozan shokei ichiran' ('Selected Views of Mt Tempo [Park], a Famous Place in Osaka'), published in 1834. According to Keyes (1985, p. 71), his last dated work was a contribution to 'Chaban imayo furyu', published in 1852. Books published between 1856 and 1860 by an author, Okabe Sukezaemon, using the name Gakutei should be ascribed to Gakutei II.