Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Biographical details)

Pieter Bruegel the Elder (printmaker; painter/draughtsman; Flemish; Male; 1526/30 - 1569)

Also known as

Bruegel, Pieter; Brueghel, Pieter; Breugel, Pieter


Painter and etcher. Pupil of Pieter Coecke van Aelst (q.v.); working in Antwerp; 1551-1553 in Italy; returned to Antwerp; from 1563 in Brussels where he died. He only made one etching himself (Landscape with Rabbit Hunters) but was responsible for the design of many other prints.
N.B. Bruegel signed his works as 'Brueghel' until around 1559; afterwards his surname is spelled without an 'h', though his descendants usually spelled their name as 'Breughel'.


R. van Bastelaer, "Les Estampes de Peter Bruegel l'ancien", Brussels, 1908.
Lebeer 1969
New Hollstein
Nadine Orenstein, 'PB the elder, drawings and prints', Met Mus. 2001
exh. cat Chemnitz 2014 (ed. I Mössinger & J.Müller) (rev. Peter Parshall PQ 2016, pp.345-9).