drawing

The Last Supper, after Gaudenzio Ferrari or Giovanni Bellini (?); a long table on two trestles, with Christ at centre and the Twelve Apostles either side and at the ends, St John leaning forward asleep, a representation of Christ washing the Apostles' feet through a window behind at l Pen and brown ink, with brown wash, heightened with white (oxidised), over red chalk

AN194303001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1895,0915.1284

Bibliographic reference
Royalton-Kisch 2010 111 (anonymous Rembrandt School)
Hind 1915-31 17 (as Teniers)
JCR 810

Location:
Flemish Roy XVIIc
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
After Giovanni Bellini (?) (biographical details | all objects)
After Gaudenzio Ferrari (?) (biographical details | all objects)
Circle/School of Rembrandt (anonymous) (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to David Teniers the Younger (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1650-1660 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Flemish (scope note | all objects)


Description
The Last Supper, after an Italian drawing; a long table on two trestles, with Christ at centre and the Twelve Apostles either side and at the ends, St John leaning forward asleep, a representation of Christ washing the Apostles' feet through a window behind at left
Pen and brown ink with grey and brown wash, heightened with white, over red chalk.
Verso: laid down.
No watermark visible.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: An indecipherable, erased inscription, lower right.


Dimensions
Height: 212 millimetres
Width: 391 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, distance apart uncertain)


Condition
Somewhat faded and discoloured; the whites have partly oxidised.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, ‘Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school’, 2010, anonymous Rembrandt School, cat. no.111.
Acquired as by Rembrandt, the style seems clearly Rembrandtesque, although the drawing was until recently kept as by David Teniers the Younger.[1]
The composition depends on a drawing now in the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, formerly attributed to Giovanni Bellini and now tentatively to his follower Benedetto Rusconi, called Benedetto Diana (c.1475-1525).[2] The drawings represent the 'Last Supper 'with a view through a window to a depiction of 'Christ washing the feet of his disciples'. It seems likely that the drawing in New York was in Amsterdam in the seventeenth century, although a Rembrandt pupil could possibly have seen it elsewhere. Rembrandt himself collected Italian 15th-16th century drawings.[3]
The technique, with red chalk underdrawing and pen and brown ink with grey and brown wash, is similar to that employed in other copies after Italian Renaissance artists by draughtsmen in Rembrandt's circle, such as the 'Entombment' after Mantegna in the Metropolitan Museum, New York (Benesch A105a). The style here is somewhat reminiscent of works by C.D. van Renesse (q.v.).
    
NOTES:
[1] An attribution proposed by A. M. Hind in London, 1923 (see Lit. below).
[2] Repr. 'Fairfax Murray Drawings', no.52. The source was recognised by A.E. Popham (note in a copy of London, 1923 in the Department). I am grateful to Rhoda Eitel-Porter for sending me a draught of her catalogue entry (on 5 June 2007).
[3] See most recently Exh. Amsterdam, 1999-2000. The known provenance of the drawing in New York extends only to the Marquess of Normanby, from whom Charles Fairfax Murray stated that he acquired it.

LITERATURE:
Robinson, 1876, no.810 (Rembrandt after Gaudenzio Ferrari); London, 1923, p.139, no.17 (D. Teniers the Younger, after Gaudenzio Ferrari?).


Subject
last supper (all objects)

Associated names
Representation of St John the Evangelist (biographical details | all objects)
Representation of Jesus Christ (biographical details | all objects)


Acquisition date
1895

Acquisition name
Purchased from Col John Wingfield Malcolm (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Sir John Charles Robinson (L.1433) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection John Malcolm of Poltalloch (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
J.C. Robinson; John Malcolm of Poltalloch; purchased with his collection, 1895.


Exhibition History
No exhibitions recorded.


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