View on the banks of a canal, with a large windmill at centre; cottages on the edge of the water at l Pen and brown ink, with brown wash


© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: Oo,9.93

Bibliographic reference
Sumowski 1979 continuing 1086xx
Hind 1915-31 3 (as Borssom)
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Gelder.6

Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

paper (all objects)
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Formerly attributed to Anthonie van Borssom (biographical details | all objects)
Attributed to Arent de Gelder (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to Rembrandt (biographical details | all objects)
1670-1700 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)

View on the banks of a canal, with a large windmill at centre; cottages on the edge of the water at left. c.1670-1700
Pen and brown ink with brown wash; framing lines in pen and black ink.
Verso (inspected but now laid down again): blank.
Watermark: countermark: 'PR' (?), possibly a countermark to a foolscap.

Inscription Content: Inscribed verso, lower left, an indecipherable paraphe and, in graphite: 'f230:15-'.

Height: 156 millimetres
Width: 299 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 24/25mm apart)

Good; some slight dirt and staining.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, attributed to Aert de Gelder, cat. no.6:
The topography has not been identified. Cat. no.5 (1860,0616.129) and the present sheet belong to a group of thirteen landscape drawings which all appear to be by the same hand, although they vary in breadth of style.[1] Traditionally ascribed to Rembrandt, and subsequently to van Borssom,[2], the analogies between these drawings and those by Aert de Gelder are closer, although still somewhat tentative. The background of a drawing of the 'Dismissal of Hagar' in Amsterdam (inv. no.1930-3; Sumowski 1070x) is comparable to the looser penwork found in some works in the group.[3] For the more disciplined style of draughtsmanship which also appears in them, the similarity to a drawing attributed to de Gelder of 'David and Jonathan' in Melbourne has been invoked.[4] The manner of drawing trees and shrubs may also be compared with the style of cat. no.3 (Oo,10.120). These drawings are all difficult to date, but may have been made after c.1670.
An etching, in reverse, was made after the drawing by Cecilia Lucy Brightwell (as after Rembrandt).

[1] Sumowski nos.1086xx-1098xx. A few other drawings have been associated with the group (see ibid., under no.1098xx).
[2] Initially by Hind in London, 1915, comparing the verso of Borssom cat. no.1 (1836,0811.64) in this catalogue, but the similarities are not persuasive.
[3] The comparison proposed by Starcky with a drawing in the Louvre in Exh. Paris, 1988-9, under no.125 (Sumowski 1096xx).
[4] By Rosenberg in Berlin, 1930, p.138, no.2461; see Sumowski, under no.1098xx (the 'River View with arched Bridge' in Berlin) and no.1084xx (the Melbourne drawing).

Bürger, 1858, p.402 (Rembrandt, perhaps of his mill in Leiden); London, 1915, p.63, no.3, repr. pl.XXXI (van Borssom); Hirschmann, 1918, p.23; Lugt, 1920, p.151, n.1 (quotes London, 1915); Lugt, 1933, p.68, under no.1343 (groups with other drawings given to Borssom, reproducing two in the Louvre, nos.1343-4, pl.CVIII; inspired by late Rembrandt, e.g. Benesch 1366-7); Amsterdam, 1942, p.67, under no.4 (van Borssom; compares with drawing in Rijksmuseum, Henkel 4); Exh. Chicago-Minneapolis-Detroit, 1969-70, under no.158 (compares 'Farm Buildings' in Rijksmuseum, Henkel 2, as also Henkel 1 and 4; probably early because of affinities with Rembrandt); Sumowski, 1979 etc., V, 1981, no.1086xx, repr. (attributed to de Gelder, following Rosenberg's attribution of a drawing in Berlin, Inv.2461, Sumowski 1098xx, around which a group of drawings, partly already constituted by Lugt, 1933 - as by van Borssom - is constructed); Haarlem, 1997, under no.161.

canal scene (all objects)
windmill (all objects)

Acquisition date

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by Richard Payne Knight (biographical details | all objects)

Exhibition History
London, 1992 (ex. cat., as attributed to De Gelder).

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