drawing

The Chateau of Richelieu; the main entrance seen from the road, with a lady and gentleman to l and a man carrying three birds on a frame with dog to r. c1642 Pen and brown ink, with grey and red-brown wash, drawn on a sheet from an account book

AN111006001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

  • Full: FrontFull: Front

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1860,0414.13

Bibliographic reference
Sumowski 1979 continuing (p.822, no.32)
Hind 1915-31 9
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Doomer.3

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Lambert Doomer (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1646
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
The Château Richelieu; the main entrance seen from the road, with a lady and gentleman to left and a man carrying three birds on a frame with dog to right
Pen and brown ink with grey and brown wash, on paper ruled with three ledger lines. Framing line in pen and grey ink.
Verso: see inscriptions; also ruled ledger lines.
Watermark: a bunch of grapes.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Verso, top centre, in graphite: ‘5’; lower left, in pen and grey ink (eighteenth century?): ‘het huijs van de Cardinael / Risseljeú’. This inscription is not by the artist; nor is it by Cornelis Ploos van Amstel, as was suggested by Schulz, 1974, no.114 (corrected by Schatborn, 1977[I], p.54).


Dimensions
Height: 239 millimetres
Width: 413 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 30mm apart)


Condition
Good, though slightly stained near left edge; a diagonal crease towards lower right corner.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Lambert Doomer, cat. no.3:

The Château Richelieu was constructed by Cardinal Richelieu (1585-1642) at his birthplace about 30 miles south-west of Tours. Work began in 1631 under the direction of Jacques Lemercier, and the building was almost complete in the year of the Cardinal's death in 1642.
Doomer's view presumably reflects the state of the building at the time of his visit to the site, which took place from 20-24 July 1646, as is known from the diary of his travelling companion Willem Schellinks. Doomer must have made a first version of the drawing at that time. The view includes the entrance portal crowned by a statue of Fame, with Henri IV below and, in niches, 'Mars' and 'Hercules'.[1] Nothing now remains of the Château, which was demolished in the nineteenth century.
That the present sheet is a second version of an earlier drawing is clear not only from the style but also from the ledger lines in the paper, characteristically found on later repetitions by Doomer of the studies he made on his travels.[2] The Tonneman sale catalogue of 1754 (see Provenance) mentions another drawing by Doomer of the Château and town of Richelieu, but this is no longer known.[3]

NOTES:
[1] Schulz, 1972, II, no.168, gives most of these details, and compares the slightly later engraved views by Matthäus Merian (1657) and Daniel Marot (1660). Hind (in London, 1915 - see Lit. below) referred to the etching by Gabriel Perelle in the undated series 'Veues des Belles Maisons de France', published in Paris by N. Langlois.
[2] Cf. no.3 (1846,0509.207).
[3] Exh. Paris-Amsterdam, 2006-7 [cat.2008], p.151.

LITERATURE :
London, 1915, pp.73-4, no.9, repr. pl.XXXVIII; van den Berg, 1942, p.29, no.72, repr. pl.IX, fig.17 (at the site with Schellinks 20-24 July 1646); Schulz, 1972, II, no.168 (topographical details, etc.); Schulz, 1974, p.26 and no.114, repr. fig.59; Sumowski, 1979 etc, II, p.822, no.32; Beck, 1984, p.116, n.6; Exh. Paris-Amsterdam, 2006-7 [cat.2008], pp.149-151, cat. no.38, repr.


Subject
palace/mansion (scope note | all objects)

Associated places
Topographic representation of Richelieu (all objects)
(Europe,France,Centre,Indre-et-Loire,Richelieu)


Acquisition date
1860

Acquisition name
Purchased from Edward Daniell (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Jeronimus Tonneman (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Jan Danser Nijman (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Abraham van Broyel (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Hieronymus Tonneman; his mother, Maria Tonneman, née van Breusegom; Tonneman sale, Amsterdam, de Leth, 21ff. Oct. 1754, ‘Konstboek’ S, no.28, bt Camer, f.7; Abraham van Broyel; his sale, Amsterdam, 30 October 1759, Kbk E, no.284, bt Winter, f.7; Jan Danser Nyman; his sale, Amsterdam, van der Schley, de Bosch, Ploos van Amstel, Yver and Roos, 19 etc. March, 1798, Kbk S, no.39, bt Stroo, f.5.10 with no.40;[1] possibly anon. sale, Amsterdam, 1 March, 1819, Kbk W, no.16 ('Een prachtig gebouw; met de pen en o. inkt, door Doomer', bt Lamberts, with lots 14 and 15, for f.1); purchased from Daniell (as by Reinier Nooms, called Zeeman). NOTE: [1] Described only as in pen and brown ink (‘met de pen en bruine inkt’) in the sale catalogue. The early provenance suggested here may require correction, as the descriptions in the old catalogues could refer to the now lost first version of this drawing. Most of Tonneman's drawings, however, were later repetitions, drawn on ledger paper, as pointed out by van den Bergh, 1943, and Schatborn, 1977[I] , p.53.


Exhibition History
1971, Edinburgh, Scottish National Portrait Gallery, no.100, repr.;
2006 Oct-Dec, Paris, Institut Néerlandais, 'Voyages en France,...', no.38, repr. (see below)
2006/7 Dec-Feb, Amsterdam, Museum Het Rembrandthuis, 'Voyages en France,...', no.38, repr. (see below)
2011 March-June, Orléans, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Cardinal de Richelieu


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