drawing

View of Bacharach; the town viewed from outside the walls, a circular tower to r, and two figures on the road to l, vineyards on the hills in the distance Pen and brown ink and brown and grey wash

AN207758001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1854,0628.115

Bibliographic reference
Sumowski 1979 continuing 406
Hind 1915-31 6
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Doomer.9

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Lambert Doomer (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to Gerbrand van den Eeckhout (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1663
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
View of Bacharach from the South; the town viewed from outside the walls, a circular tower to right, and two figures on the road to left, vineyards on the hills in the distance. 1663

Pen and brown ink with grey and brown wash.

Verso: inscription only exposed (see Inscription).

No watermark visible.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Inscribed on verso, lower right, by the artist, in pen and brown ink: ‘De Stat bacharach’.


Dimensions
Height: 226 millimetres
Width: 241 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 22mm apart)


Condition
Possibly cut (see further under Comment); otherwise good, apart from slight foxing.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Lambert Doomer, cat. no.9:
Bacharach lies on the Rhine some 30 miles south-east of Koblenz. The drawing, which dates from Doomer's Rhine journey of 1663 (see cat. no.5, Oo,10.173) shows in the foreground the 'Zollturm' by the 'Zolltor' ('customs gate'); the 'Kranenturm' down to the right by the Rhine, like the 'Zollturm' attached to the old defensive wall of the town; the church of St. Werner in shadow to the left of centre; and another tower in the wall, the 'Postenturm', in the distance, partly masked by the tree in the centre foreground.[1]
A later and wider version of the drawing, now in the van Eeghen collection, shows a further tower to the right and extends on the left to include a view of the Castle of Stahleck on the nearer of the two hills on the left, with a seated draughtsman in the left foreground.[2] As the van Eeghen drawing was probably based on the present sheet, and includes the same figures in the centre, it seems likely that the present drawing has been cut down at the sides. This could have been done by the artist himself, when he added the indication of a tall building at the extreme left: it is drawn over the hilly landscape behind and does not coincide with the position of the Castle of Stahleck and its walls in the later version. Doomer may also have added some of the foreground brown wash at this later stage.
The motif of the 'Zollturm' was employed by Doomer in the background of a drawing of 'Eliezer and Rebecca at the Well' in a private collection, which is dated 1696.[3] Other drawings by Doomer of Bacharach are the 'View of Schloss Stahleck' in Brussels,[4] and two versions of a drawing of a 'Fountain in the Town Wall at Bacharach', the earlier, 1663 version being in Amsterdam,[5] the later one in the F. Lugt collection.[6]

NOTES:     
[1] The topography is described by Schulz, 1972 (see lit. below), and is repeated here, with some changes based on Matthaeus Merian the Elder's engraved view of the city (see Wüthrich, 1993, p.164; the print is from the 'Theatrum Europaeum', II, no.44).
[2] Schulz, 1974, no.234. The drawing measures 242 x 408mm.
[3] As pointed out by Sumowski, under nos.375, repr. and 406 (the present sheet). The drawing is also repr. Schulz, 1974, no.42, fig.19; Exh. Paris-Haarlem, 1997-8, no.43, repr. in colour.
[4] Brussels, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Collection de Grez 1098; Schulz, 1974, no.236, repr. fig.126.
[5] Amsterdam, Rijksprentenkabinet, Rijksmueum, inv. no.A298; Schulz, 1974, no.237, repr. fig.127.
[6] Paris, Institut Néerlandais, F. Lugt collection, inv. no.5187; Schulz, 1974, no.238, repr. fig.128.

LITERATURE :
Waagen, IV, 1857, p.41 (school of Rembrandt); London, 1915, pp.72-3, no.6, repr. pl.XXXVII (notes version formerly in Heseltine [now van Eeghen] collection); Hofstede de Groot and Spiess, 1926-7, p.194, repr. fig.5 (probably before 1666, with topographical details and related drawings in Hofstede de Groot [now van Eeghen] collection, in Brussels and in Amsterdam); Schulz, 1972, I, p.54 and II, no.340; Schulz, 1973, p.10; Schulz, 1974, p.23 and cat. no.235; Sumowski, 1979, II, no.406, repr. (the tower used in 1696 drawing of 'Eliezer and Rebecca' in a private collection, Sumowski 375); Exh. Paris-Haarlem, 1997-8, under no.43.

EARLIER COMMENT:
Another drawing by Doomer taken from nearly the same spot was in the Heseltine collection (sale at Amsterdam, 27-28.v.1913, No 88; reproduced in the catalogue). [See above for further information].



Associated places
Topographic representation of Bacharach (all objects)
(Europe,Germany,Rhineland Palatinate,Mainz-Bingen,Bacharach)


Acquisition date
1854

Acquisition name
Purchased from Walter Benjamin Tiffin (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Samuel Woodburn (sale Christie's, 16-27.vi.1854) (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
1854,0628.81 to 117 were purchased from Tiffin and the register records that they were all drawings that he had bought on his own account at the Woodburn sale. The Bill Book gives prices and agrees that all of them came from the Woodburn sale. Neither source gives the lot numbers. These have been added to the records when they are obvious.


Exhibition History
1992 Sept-Oct, Rheinische Museum, Bonn & Mittelrhein Museum, Koblenz, no.19, repr. p.163


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