drawing

Windmill near Nantes, on the road to Vilaine; a man driving a donkey on the road in the foreground, woods beyond to l and hills in the distance. 1645 Black chalk and watercolour    includes signature

AN95186001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: Gg,2.264

Bibliographic reference
Sumowski 1979 continuing 383
Hind 1915-31 7
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Doomer.1

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Lambert Doomer (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1637-1700
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
Windmill on the road to Vieillevigne, outside Nantes; a man driving a donkey on the road in the foreground, woods beyond to left and hills in the distance. 1645

Pen and brown ink over black chalk, with watercolour and white heightening.

Verso: see Inscriptions.

Watermark: small lily with initials IR.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Verso, top left, in pen and brown ink, 'C'; right, in pen and brown ink (seventeenth or eighteenth century): 'N11'; and centre, Cracherode's monogram 'CMC' with the date '1787' (see L.607); on remnant of old backing attached to the drawing below, signed by the artist in pen and brown ink (see n.1 in Comment): 'op de wegh van vilvinije buyte Nantes/ Doomer.f. Ao1645'.


Dimensions
Height: 208 millimetres
Width: 285 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 24mm apart)


Condition
Generally good; some scuffs and repaired tears near left edge.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Lambert Doomer, cat. no.1:

The 'vilvinije' of the inscription refers to the village of Vieillevigne, some twenty-two miles south of Nantes. Two of Doomer's brothers, Maerten (1621 Amsterdam - before 1678) and Hendrick (d.1670 in Amsterdam) lived in the French town, where the artist may have arrived in 1645, the year given in his own (albeit later) handwriting below the present drawing and on some others made in or around Nantes (a large number of drawings of Nantes and its environs by Doomer survives). The artist is first documented there on 17 May 1646 in the diary of his travelling companion, Willem Schellinks, the day he joined Doomer in Nantes. They left, after a delay caused by Schellinks' illness, on 3 July 1646 for Angers and Saumur.[1]
A second version of the present drawing, probably made in the early 1670s, is now in the Museum Boijmans van Beuningen in Rotterdam.[2] A similar mill appears in the background of the artist's 'View of a Town on a River in the Mountains' now in Brussels.[3] In the drawing, the mill, of a rarely represented type known as 'Turkish' (tourquois), in which the upper part swivels on a metal ring within a masonry base, appears to be represented with the sails too low.[4]

NOTES:
[1] Schulz, in 1972 and 1974 (see Lit. below) believed that the '1645' dates added by Doomer to some of his drawings of Nantes were mistaken, but as argued by Schatborn, 1977, p.50, he could have arrived there in 1645. As he points out, the title of the artist's inscription is in his early handwriting and the rest was added later. Schellincks' diary is in the Royal Library in Copenhagen and was published by van den Berg, 1942 (see Lit. below), who listed the drawings made on Doomer's French journey (see more recently Exh. Paris-Amsterdam, 2006-7 [cat. 2008]). Schellincks suffered from 'darden daaghze koorts' (quartan ague) which he contracted at the end of his sea- and river-voyage (see op. cit., p.4). As van den Berg first pointed out, the delay presumably explains why Doomer made many more drawings in the vicinity of Nantes than on other legs of his journey.
[2] As first noted by Hofstede de Groot, 1915[II], p.61; see Schulz, 1974, no.86, repr. fig.45.
[3] Brussels, Musée des Beaux-Arts, de Grez collection no.1103 (Sumowski 433; Schulz, 1974, no.269, repr. fig.148). The drawing may date from 1692 and the connection was noted by van den Berg, 1943.
[4] As noted in Exh. Paris-Amsterdam, 2006-7 (see Lit. below), quoting C. Cussonneau, 'Les moulins tourcquois', Arts, recherches, créations, xxx, 1991, pp.67-74, and Benoît Canu, 'Les moulins du Clos de Contentin', In situ, VI, 2006. They also note that the remains of a windmill are still to be found at Viellevigne, but one that appears to be larger than that depicted by Doomer.

LITERATURE :

London, 1915, p.73, no.7, repr. pl.XXXVII (identifies as near Vilaine); Hofstede de Groot, 1915[II], p.61 (see n.2 above; identifies as near Vieillevigne; notes version in Rotterdam); Hirschmann, 1918, p.23 (notes version in Rotterdam as Hofstede de Groot, 1915[II]); van den Berg, 1942, pp.8 and 28, no.51; Schulz, 1972, I, p.35 and II, no.124; Schulz, 1974, pp.13, 17 and no.85; Schatborn, 1977[I], p.50, the inscription repr. fig.3; Sumowski, 1979 etc., II, no.383, repr.; Rotterdam, 1988, under no.52, repr.; Royalton-Kisch, 1991, p.12, repr. fig.5; Exh. Paris-Amsterdam, 2006-7 [cat. 2008], cat. no.23, repr., the inscription repr. p.33, fig.g (see n.4 above).


Subject
windmill (all objects)

Associated places
Topographic representation of Nantes (all objects)
(Europe,France,Pays de la Loire,Loire-Atlantique,Nantes)


Acquisition date
1799

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by Clayton Mordaunt Cracherode (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Dionys Muilman (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
D. Muilman; his sale, Amsterdam, de Bosch, Ploos van Amstel and de Winter, 29 March, 1773, portfolio O, no.1107, bt Yver, f.14; D. Marsbag; his sale, Amsterdam, 30 October, 1775, portfolio D, no.226, bt Yver, f.5.10; sale, Amsterdam, 10 March, 1777, portfolio D, no.312, bt Fouquet; Van Lapro; his sale, Amsterdam, 19 January, 1778, lot 216, bt Yver; C.M. Cracherode, 1787 (see verso inscription), by whom bequeathed, 1799 (L.606 and 607).


Exhibition History
1956, London, p.30, no.3;
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, not in catalogue
2006 Oct-Dec, Paris, Institut Néerlandais, 'Voyages en France,...'
2006/7 Dec-Feb, Amsterdam, Museum Het Rembrandthuis, 'Voyages en France,...'


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