drawing

Gate at Anrath (near Crefeld); entrance gate to the town beneath a long gate-house, with three figures on the road near the foreground Pen and brown ink and brown and yellow wash

AN207801001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

  • Full: FrontFull: Front

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1895,0915.1147

Bibliographic reference
Hind 1915-31 4
Sumowski 1979 continuing 402
JCR 685
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Doomer.7

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Lambert Doomer (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1663
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
Dymbkes gate at Anrath; gate at Anrath (near Crefeld), entrance gate to the town beneath a long gate-house, with three figures on the road near the foreground, 1663

Pen and brown ink with brown, yellow-brown and touches of grey wash and graphite; framing lines in pen and dark brown ink and (only partly visible) graphite.

Verso: see Inscriptions.

Watermark: fragment of a foolscap with 3 balls.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Inscribed top centre, in pen and brown ink, by the artist: ‘dijmbkes poort tot Anraet’; verso, in pen and brown ink, perhaps by Ploos van Amstel, left: ‘hoog 52 dm / breed 73 dm’, and in graphite, lower left: ‘LoN674/N42/f3 [?] /CM [?]’; and right: ‘2’[beneath a horizontal stroke].


Dimensions
Height: 149 millimetres (chain lines vertical, 24/25mm apart)
Width: 187 millimetres


Condition
Good.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, ‘Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school’, 2010, Lambert Doomer, cat. no.7:

As noted in Doomer's biography (q.v.), the artist's father was born in Anrath, which lies to the north of Mönchengladbach, and members of Doomer's family remained there in the seventeenth century.
Five drawings of Anrath by Doomer are known, the other four now being in Amsterdam ('The 'Blauer Hand' Inn at Anrath' inv.A3530 and 'Barn at Anrath' A3387), Berlin ('Hortges Gate at Anrath' inv.5871)[1], and Frankfurt ('Cemetary at Anrath', inv.3701, Sumowski 480x). These drawings may have been together in the album listed in the posthumous inventory of the artist's estate as the 'Domershoff'.[2]
The views of Anrath are difficult to date - no visits to Anrath by Doomer have been recorded other than in the drawings - but on stylistic grounds it seems likely that they were made at different times. They appear to be earlier than the drawings of 1663 that the artist executed on his Rhine journey, but the present work could have been made at the outset of that voyage.
The British Museum sheet shows the Anrath church spire on the left.[3] The Dymbkes Gate led south-east towards the village of Neersen, and is seen from the Neersen side. The two openings were reserved for wheeled traffic (the larger aperture) and pedestrians respectively. The gate took its name from the Dymbkes family (later Dimbkes), to which it belonged for generations, and was demolished in the 19th century.[4]

NOTES:
[1] Bremen, 1960, p.46, notes that the Berlin drawing (inv.5871) shows the same area as the BM drawing but the view is taken from behind the wall on the right in the BM drawing.
[2] The inventory, preserved in the Amsterdam municipal archives (N.A.A. 3975, acte 52, fol.531) was made after the artist's death on 2 July 1700. Item no.62 is described as: 'Een boek vol tekeningen van den Overleden genaemt Domershoff' (see Dattenberg, 1963 and Schatborn, 1977[I], p.52, notes 7-8). The drawings of Anrath are Schulz, 1974, nos.204-8.
[3] Kricker, 1959, p.291, suggested that the spire was only built in 1664, but Schulz, 1972, points out that documentary evidence for this is lacking (see Lit. below).
[4] Daum, 1978 (see Lit. below).

LITERATURE :

Robinson, 1869/76, no.674/685; London, 1915, p.72, no.4, repr. pl.XXXVI; Dattenberg, 1938, p.391, no.13, repr. fig.8 (with reference to same writer in 'Westdeutsche Landeszeitung', 7 Feb. 1931); Exh. Düsseldorf, 1953, no.36, repr. (reproduction exhibited); Kricker, 1959, p.291; Bremen, 1960, p.46, repr. fig.2 (topography - see n.1 above); Dattenberg, 1962, pp.31-2, repr. p.34, fig.3 (presumably from the album called 'Doomershoff' in Doomer's inventory; another drawing of Anrath in Berlin, inv.5871, and two more in Amsterdam, inv.A3530 and A3387); Dattenberg, 1963, pp.33-7 (perhaps datable 1644); Dattenberg, 1967, p.98, no.111, repr. (quoting Kricker, 1959, but noting that the style suggests an earlier date than 1664); Schulz, 1972, I, pp.45 and 54, II, no.292 (date uncertain of the six Anrath drawings by Doomer; not later than 1663, either before or at start of Rhine journey; documentary evidence for the date of the building of the spire of the church on the left - 1664 according to Kricker - is lacking); Schulz, 1974, no.204, repr. fig.105; Daum, 1978, pp.212-4, repr. fig.2; Sumowski, 1979, etc., II, no.402, repr.


Subject
arch/gateway (all objects)

Associated places
Topographic representation of Anrath (scope note | all objects)
(Europe,Germany,North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany),Düsseldorf (region),Anrath)


Acquisition date
1895

Acquisition name
Purchased from Col John Wingfield Malcolm (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Cornelis Ploos van Amstel (Amsterdam, 3.iii.1800) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Muller (according to Leembruggen cat.) (all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection John Malcolm of Poltalloch (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Gérard Leembruggen (Amsterdam, 5.iii.1866/182) (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Cornelis Ploos van Amstel; his sale, Amsterdam, van der Schley, etc., 3 March etc., 1800, Kbk E, no.33, bt Bernard, fl.60 with one other, probably Amsterdam, inv.A3530 (Dattenberg, 1967, p.98, argued that the second sheet was the Rijksmuseum drawing, which although not inscribed or marked by Ploos van Amstel was engraved by him, as the work of Gerbrand van den Eeckhout); Muller (according to Leembruggen sale catalogue); Gérard Leembruggen Jz; his sale, Amsterdam, Roos, Engelberts, Lamma and Roos, 5 March, 1866, lot 182, bt Engelberts, fl.185, for Malcolm, who paid ,17-12s-4d; John Malcolm of Poltalloch; purchased with his collection, 1895.


Exhibition History
1996-7 Sept-Jan, BM, Malcolm Collection, no. 94, repr.


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