print study (?) / drawing

Portrait of Jacob Matham, possibly a study for a print; HL, seated to l, looking to front, wearing falling collar and mantle, his l arm on the back of the chair Black chalk

AN215905001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

  • Full: FrontFull: Front

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1861,0810.17

Bibliographic reference
Hind 1915-31 1
Sumowski 1979 continuing 1600
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Lievens.J.8

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
print study (?) (scope note | all objects)
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Formerly attributed to Gerbrand van den Eeckhout (biographical details | all objects)
Drawn by Jan Lievens (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1622-1674
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)
British (all objects)


Description
Portrait of a man, seated, half-length; to left, looking to front, wearing falling collar and mantle, his left arm on the back of the chair. c.1650
Black chalk, partly rubbed with the finger; a horizontal framing line in pen and brown ink 17mm from the bottom, with remnants of similar lines at right and top edges.
Watermark: PF (?) with a cross in an oval (not a match, but cf. Heawood 922)

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Inscribed to right, the artist's monogram in black chalk: 'IL'; below, in graphite (by J.P. Zomer; See Plomp, 1997, p.19): 'Jacob Matham Plaatsnyder'; on the verso, lower left, in pen and brown ink: 'h.11½ d / b 9¼d'; and lower left corner: InL [?] and in graphite, lower left: 'FFN8 / no.4 D000'.


Dimensions
Height: 300 millimetres (chain lines vertical, 40mm apart)
Width: 235 millimetres


Condition
Generally good; slightly trimmed; light foxing; some parts rubbed and an accidental (?) vertical line in broken grey wash to the left.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Jan Lievens, cat. no.8:
The identification of the sitter, the subject also of cat. no.9 (1836, 0811.346), by Zomer on the present sheet as the engraver Jacob Matham (1571-1631) can be discounted both on the evidence of the date of the drawing, made c.1650, and of two engraved portraits of Matham.[1]
The date is suggested by analogy with other drawn portraits, including the half-length 'Man with his Hands crossed' in a private collection in Amsterdam, which is dated 1650.[2]

NOTES:
[1] By Jan van de Velde after Pieter Soutman (Holl.401) and by A. van der Does (Holl.24). Schneider, 1932 (see Lit. below), suggested that if the sitter's surname was based on a sound tradition, the drawing might represent Theodor Matham (1606-60), but no portrait exists to verify this possibility.
[2] Sumowski 1605.

LITERATURE (always as by Lievens):
London, 1915, p.84, no.1, repr. pl.LI (perhaps intended for engraving); Hirschmann, 1918, pp.23-4 (not of Matham; perhaps his son, Adriaen); Van Dyke, 1927, p.104; Schneider, 1932/73, no.Z.64 [1973 ed. also p.362] (questions identification of sitter as Matham and rejects Hirschmann, 1918, proposal that his son, Adriaen Matham, is represented; if of a Matham, perhaps of Theodor, 1606-60, but no other known portraits of him are known; provenance details); van Hall, 1963, p.202, no.1360/10; Amsterdam, 1981, p.167, under no.46 (c.1649, comparing drawing, said to be of Descartes, in Groningen, inv.1931-173 [Sumowski 1660x] and portrait of 'Cornelis Dircksz. Cool' in Amsterdam, Historisch Museum [Sumowski 1603]); Sumowski, 1979 etc., VII, 1983, no.1600, repr. (1640s); Plomp, 1997, p.19, repr. p.21, fig.16 (inscription written by Zomer); Dickey, 2004, p.133, repr. p.301, fig.143 (as Schneider, 1932).


2005 label text:
Jan Lievens worked with Rembrandt in Leiden from around 1626-1631. He then came to England where he was influenced by Van Dyck.
The identification of the sitter along the lower edge of the sheet is incorrect; Jacob Matham, a printmaker, died in 1631, about twenty years before the drawing was made and surviving portraits of him look entirely different. The drawing may have been a design for a print, although none is known. A second drawing by Lievens of the same sitter is also in the British Museum's collection.



Associated names
Portrait of Jacob Matham (biographical details | all objects)


Acquisition date
1861

Acquisition name
Purchased from Colnaghi ((as by Jan Lievens)) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Jan Pietersz. Zomer ((see Inscriptions)) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Baron Jan Gijsbert Verstolk van Soelen (his sale, Amsterdam, de Vries, Brondgeest and Roos, 22 March, 1847, kunstboek B, no.41, bt Smith, f.) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Jeronimus Tonneman (his sale, Amsterdam, de Leth, 21 October etc., 1754, kunstboek G, no.33: ‘'t Pourtrait van Jacob Mat) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Cornelis Ploos van Amstel (his sale, Amsterdam, van der Schley et al., 3 March, 1800, kunstboek C, no.13, bt Josi, f.58) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection John Heywood Hawkins (not in his sale, Sotheby's, 29 April etc., 1850) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Bernardus de Bosch (his sale, Amsterdam, van der Schley, Roos et al., 10 March etc., 1817, kunstboek D, no.12, bt de Vri) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection W Oudaan (his sale, Rotterdam, Bosch, Arrenberg et al., 3 November, 1766, kunstboek F, no.82, bt Fouquet, f.14) (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Jan Pietersz. Zomer (see Inscriptions); Hieronymus Tonneman; his sale, Amsterdam, de Leth, 21 October etc., 1754, kunstboek G, no.33: 't Pourtrait van Jacob Matham, meesterachtig met zwart kryt getekent, door J. Lieves [sic] hoog 11, breet 9 duim', bt de Leth, f.41; W. Oudaan; his sale, Rotterdam, Bosch, Arrenberg et al., 3 November, 1766, kunstboek F, no.82, bt Fouquet, f.14; Cornelis Ploos van Amstel; his sale, Amsterdam, van der Schley et al., 3 March, 1800, kunstboek C, no.13, bt Josi, f.58; Bernardus de Bosch; his sale, Amsterdam, van der Schley, Roos et al., 10 March etc., 1817, kunstboek D, no.12, bt de Vries, f.151; C. Singendonck; his sale, Amsterdam, de Vries, Roos et al., 11 April, 1825, kunstboek M, no.1, bt Brondgeest, f.51; anon. (Abraham Saportas) sale, Amsterdam, de Vries, Roos et al., 14 May, 1832, kunstboek C, no.4, bt Brondgeest, f.31; Jan Gijsbert, Baron Verstolk van Soelen; his sale, Amsterdam, de Vries, Brondgeest and Roos, 22 March, 1847, kunstboek B, no.41, bt Smith, f.300; J. Heywood Hawkins (according to Register; not in his sale, Sotheby's, 29 April etc., 1850); purchased from Colnaghi's, 1861 (as van den Eeckhout).


Exhibition History
1895, BM, no.403;
1956, BM, p.32, no.4;
1974, BM, Portrait Drawings, no.141;
1979, Braunschweig, p.30 and no.65, repr. (c.1650);
1984[1] BM, Master Drawings & Watercolours, no.99, repr.;
1990, BM, Treasures of P&D, (no catalogue);
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle (not in catalogue);
2005, BM, Masterpieces of Portrait Drawing (no catalogue).


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