drawing

A peasant walking to r; WL, looking to front, a bag (?) slung over his r shoulder. c.1639 Pen and brown ink, with brown wash, on light brown prepared paper

AN222785001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1910,0212.181

Bibliographic reference
Benesch 1973 242
Royalton-Kisch 2010 25 (Rembrandt)
Hind 1915-31 26

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Rembrandt (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1639 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
A peasant walking to the right; whole-length, looking to front, a bag (?) slung over his right shoulder. c.1639
Pen and brown iron-gall ink, on paper prepared with brown wash; ruled framing lines in pen and brown ink.
Verso: see Inscriptions.
No watermark.

Dimensions
Height: 165 millimetres
Width: 114 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 23/24mm apart)


Condition
Generally good; a few nicks at edges (left centre; lower right); some stains apparently treated with white to disguise them; the iron-gall ink has run slightly and bitten into the paper.

Curator's comments
Further literature: P. Schatborn, 'The early, Rembrandtesque Drawings of Govert Flinck', in Master Drawings 48 (2010), pp.5-38, fig.13.

Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Rembrandt, cat. no.25:
The drawing belongs to a substantial group of figure studies in the same style and made with the same kind of ink and paper, prepared with brown wash (see also cat. nos.26 and 27; 1910,0212.184 and 1895,1214.207). One of these, now in Munich (Benesch 243), shows the same model in a similar pose, although carrying his bundle over the other shoulder and with his right leg raised on a step.[1]
The group of iron-gall ink studies, although often dated to the first half of the 1630s (see Lit. below), should probably be assigned to the end of the decade. As also noted under cat. no.23 (1891,0713.9), several comparable drawings can be dated securely to c.1638-9. They include the study in the Kramarsky collection, New York (Benesch 168), related to the etching of 'Joseph telling his Dreams' of 1638 (Bartsch 37, Hind 160), a drawing of 'Ruth and Naomi' in Rotterdam on the verso of which is another sketch for the same print (Benesch 161),[2] the copy after Raphael's 'Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione' in Vienna, which is dated 1639 (Benesch 451) and cat. nos.23 and 24 (1891,0713.9 and Gg,2.248).

NOTES:
[1] As pointed out by Benesch, II, 1954, under no.242, where many of the studies referred to are brought together. He also particularly compared the present sheet to his nos.231 and 238, respectively the 'Study of an Oriental' in Brussels and the 'Bearded old Man in a Cloak with Fringes' in Rotterdam (for which see Rotterdam, 1988, no.7, where dated c.1632-6).
[2] The verso was first published by Giltaij, 1977 (see further Rotterdam, 1988, no.13). An iron-gall ink drawing of a 'Boy walking with a Stick', now in the Rijksmuseum, has a watermark which has been independently dated c.1640-41 (see Amsterdam, 1985, no.13). The same mark appears on cat. no.26 (1910,0212,184), q.v..

LITERATURE (always as Rembrandt):
Michel, 1893, p.585 (when in Salting collection); Hofstede de Groot, 1906, no.1121; London, 1915, no.26, repr. pl.V (c.1630-35); Benesch, 1935, p.16 (c.1632-3); Benesch, II, 1954/73, no.242, repr. fig.263/286 (c.1633-4; see n.1 above); Drost, 1957, p.165, repr. fig.162 (compares Elsheimer); Benesch, 1964, p.112, reprinted 1970, p.251; Munich, 1973, p.162, under no.1122 (compares Munich drawing mentioned above); Exh. New York-Paris, 1977-8, p.126, under no.86, n.1 (compared to 'Three Studies for a Disciple at Emmaus', Benesch 87, Lugt coll.); Sumowski, I, 1979, under no.167x; Amsterdam, 1985, under no.13, n.2 (second half of the 1630s); Starcky, 1985, p.261, repr. fig.15 (c.1638-40); Giltaij, 1995, p.98, (c.1633-4).


Subject
peasant/villager (scope note | all objects)


Acquisition date
1910

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by George Salting (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Samuel Woodburn (L.2584) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Thomas Dimsdale (L.2426) (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
T. Dimsdale (L.2426 verso); Samuel Woodburn (Inscribed on verso, in graphite: 'Woodburn', cf. L.2584 similar to inscription on verso of cat. no.26, 1910,0212.184 and 1895,0915.1254 Anon); bequeathed by George Salting, 1910 (See Acquisition Comment for 1910,0212,184). .


Exhibition History
1992, BM Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, No 28.


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