drawing

A Mughal Nobleman standing, after a Mughal miniature; WL, almost in profile to r, his r hand on the handle of a dagger in his belt. c.1656-61 Pen and brown ink, with grey and brown wash, touched with red chalk and heightened with white, on Oriental paper

AN221975001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

  • Full: FrontFull: Front

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1910,0212.182

Bibliographic reference
Benesch 1973 1199
Royalton-Kisch 2010 58 (Rembrandt)
Hind 1915-31 78

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Rembrandt (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1656-1661 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
A Mughal Nobleman standing; after a Mughal miniature, whole-length, almost in profile to right, his right hand on the handle of a dagger in his belt. c.1656-1661

Pen and brown ink with grey and brown wash, touched with red chalk (in the turban) and white heightening, on oriental paper.

Verso: laid down on remnant of old mat.

No watermark.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Inscribed on verso of mat, in pen and brown ink, by Lord Selsey: 'N:30/ Bought at Hudson’s Sale/ A-D:1779'; in graphite, by Roupell: 'Autograph of John 2nd Lord Selsey-/ from the Sale by the representations of his/ sons widow at Sotheby’s in 1872 and/ purchased by me from that sale/ RPR'; and in pen and black ink: 'The above is in the handwriting of the 2d[‘d’ in superscript]/ Lord Selsey. His Library and drawings were sold by the representations of the widow of the/ 3d [‘d’ in superscript] Lord in 1872 at Sotheby’s - from which sale I bought this with others/ R'.


Dimensions
Height: 184 millimetres
Width: 112 millimetres


Condition
Generally good; parts of the surface pitted (as cat. no.57; Gg,2.263, Benesch 1190) and some abrasions around the head.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Rembrandt, cat. no.58:
One of a series of copies after Mughal miniatures (see under cat. no.56; 1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187). The nobleman holds a weapon called a katar, a kind of dagger seen in many of Rembrandt's copies, including cat. nos.57, 60 and 61 (Gg,2.263, 1895,0915.1281 and Gg,2.262, Benesch 1190, 1204 and 1205). The figure has not been identified and the miniature copied by Rembrandt does not appear to have survived.[1] It was probably made in c.1610-15 or based on an original of that date, the earliest of Rembrandt's models, and depicted a courtier from Jahāngīr's entourage.[2]

NOTES:
[1] Of the miniatures at Schönbrunn, the nearest is that illustrated by Strzygowski, 1923, pl.1. The tailed skirt is unusual among the Schönbrunn miniatures (as noted by Broos, 1980 - see Lit. below) and features only in ibid., pls.7, 36 and 48.
[2] According to Lunsingh Scheurleer, 1980 (see Lit. below).

LITERATURE (always as Rembrandt):
Michel, 1893, p.585; Hofstede de Groot, 1906, no.1122; Sarre, 1909, p.284 (on provenance - based on false assumption that the 'R' mark is Richardson junior's); London, 1915, no.78, repr. pl.X (c.1656); Benesch, 1933-4, p.306, reprinted 1970, p.123 (notes unusually complete curtain of wash behind the figure); Valentiner, II, 1934, no.647, repr; Benesch, 1935, p.56; Amsterdam, 1942, p.13, under no.30 (compares Amsterdam sheet, Benesch 1202, and Pierpont Morgan drawing, Benesch 1201); Benesch, V, 1957/73, no.1199, repr. fig.1424/1496 (c.1654-6); Broos, 1980, repr. p.212, fig.6 (see n.1 above); Lunsingh Scheurleer, 1980, pp.16 and 27, repr. fig.14, and p.39, n.22 and n.28 (see n.2 above; a similar portrait, of Karān, Crown Prince of Udaipur in Rajastan, is in Berlin, repr. fig.15; refutes comment by Broos, 1980, that the dress is unusual).


Subject
indian (all objects)


Acquisition date
1910

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by George Salting (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Lord Selsey (according to Roupell cat. and inscriptions) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Robert Prioleau Roupell (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Jonathan Richardson Senior (L.2184) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Thomas Hudson (L.2432) (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Jonathan Richardson, sen. (L.2184 - see cat. no.56; 1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187]); Thomas Hudson (L.2432); Lord Selsey (according to Roupell catalogue and above inscriptions; presumably his sale, Sotheby’s, 20-28 June, 1872, lot 2635, bt Noseda, £1-2-0, with Benesch 1196, now Rijksmuseum); R.P. Roupell, sale, Christie’s, 6th day, 13 July, 1887, lot 1088, bt Thibaudeau, £3-3-0; George Salting, by whom bequeathed, 1910.


Exhibition History
London, Grosvenor Gallery, 1878-9, no.213;
Royal Academy, 1899, no.165;
London, 1910, p.5; 1912, no.161;
1938, no.78 (c.1656);
1956, p.16, no.7;
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, no.64, repr.


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