drawing

The Emperor Jahangir receiving an officer, copy after a Mughal miniature; the Emperor, with halo, seated on a divan with a sabre in his l hand, a man holding a document standing before him at l. c.1656-61 Pen and brown ink, with grey-brown wash, touched with white, on oriental paper

AN222004001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: Gg,2.263

Bibliographic reference
Benesch 1973 1190
Royalton-Kisch 2010 57 (Rembrandt)
Hind 1915-31 75

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Rembrandt (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1656-1661 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
Emperor Jahāngīr receiving an Officer; copy after a Mughal miniature, the Emperor, with halo, seated on a divan with a sabre in his left hand, a man holding a document standing before him at left. c.1656-1661

Pen and brown ink, with brown and grey wash, touched with white, on oriental paper.

Verso: laid down on old mat.

No watermark.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: None visible or recorded.


Dimensions
Height: 210 millimetres
Width: 184 millimetres


Condition
Generally good; the paper has a pitted surface; some foxing, mostly around the Emperor’s head.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, ‘Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school’, 2010, Rembrandt, cat. no.57.
A copy after a Mughal miniature. For a discussion of the group of drawings to which the present sheet belongs, see under cat. no.56 (1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187).
The drawing represents the Emperor Jahāngīr ('world-seizer', r.1605-27), the son of Akbar and father of Shāh Jahān, and is based on an identifiable miniature until recently in Schloss Schönbrunn, Vienna, and now in the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek.[1] As in other drawings of the series, the artist modified minor details and the perspective of the original, which was itself altered when incorporated into the building's decorative scheme.

NOTE:
[1] The original is repr. Strzygowski, 1923, pl.5.

LITERATURE (always as Rembrandt):
Bürger, 1858, p.400 (c.1632, for the 'etchings of Persians'); Blanc, II, 1861, p.454; Michel, 1893, p.581; Lippmann, II, no.44; Kleinmann, II, no.58; Sarre, 1904, pp.152-4, repr. p.150, fig.6 (as of Emperor Akbar; care in copying costume noted, and compared to 'Jacob and Esau', Berlin, Benesch 647, and 'Esther's Feast', Moscow, Bredius 530); Bell, c.1905, repr. pl.XIII; Hofstede de Groot, 1906, no.930; Rouffaer, 1906, pp.370-72, repr. pl.IV (before 1656; of Jahāngīr, not Akbar as stated by Sarre, 1904); Saxl, 1908, p.338 (quotes Sarre, 1904); Sarre, 1909, p.290 (agrees with Rouffaer, 1906, identification); Wurzbach, 1910, p.418 (Rembrandt?); London, 1915, no.75 (of Akbar); Brown, 1924, p.25, n.1 (of Jahāngīr, not Akbar); London, 1931, p.193, (of Jahāngīr, not Akbar); Hind, 1932, p.59 (as London, 1931); Strzygowski and Glück, 1933, p.22 (identifying original in Schönbrunn); Benesch, 1933-4, p.306, reprinted 1970, p.123 (compares head of 'Akbar' to Vienna drawing, Benesch 1192); Valentiner, II, 1934, no.638, repr; Benesch, 1935, p.56 (c.1653-6, as cat. no.56 [1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187]); Poortenaar, 1943, p.19 and no.97, repr. (c.1650-55); Benesch, V, 1957/73, no.1190, repr. fig.1414/1489 (c.1654-6, as cat. no.56 [1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187]); Slive, 1965, I, no.268, repr. (c.1655); Haak, 1969/68, p.263, repr. fig.438 (c.1654-6; the messenger on the left of the etching of 'Abraham and the Angels', Bartsch 29, Hind 286, perhaps taken from the messenger here on the left); Loevinson-Lessing, 1975/71, under no.26, repr; Haak, 1976/74, no.80, repr. (c.1654-6); Broos, 1977, p.120; Broos, 1980, repr. p.214, fig.11 (notes differences to original miniature); Lunsingh Scheurleer, 1980, pp.16-17 and p.22, repr. fig.7 (quite close to the Schönbrunn original); Skelton, 1985, p.279 (the Emperor receives an officer); Berlin, 2006, p.212 (as Sarre, 1904).



Associated names
Portrait of Jahangir (biographical details | all objects)


Acquisition date
1799

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by Clayton Mordaunt Cracherode (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Jonathan Richardson Senior (L.2184) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Arthur Pond (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection John Barnard (L.1419) (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Jonathan Richardson, sen. (L.2184 - see cat. no.56 [1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187]); Arthur Pond, sale, London, Langford, 5th day, 30 April, 1759, lot 66; J. Barnard (L.1419 on mat; probably his sale, Greenwood, 6th night, 22 February, 1787, lot 50: 'imitation of a Chinese by ditto [i.e. Rembrandt]'; see also cat. no.61 [Gg,2.262, Benesch 1205]); Rev. C.M.Cracherode (acquired in 1787, according to register), by whom bequeathed, 1799.


Exhibition History
London, 1899, no.A57;
1938, no.75;
1956, p.17, no.10;
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, no.63, repr. in colour (c.1656-61);
2005 April-July, Seoul Arts Centre, 'BM Treasures...';
2005 July-Oct, Korea, Busan Museum, 'BM Treasures...';
2005/6 Daegu, Keimyung Univ. Museum, 'BM Treasures...';
2006, BM, 'Rembrandt: a 400th anniversary display' (no cat.)


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