drawing

A Mughal Nobleman on horseback, after a Mughal miniature; a man, with slight beard, holding a two-headed lance seated on a horse which is rearing to r. c.1656-61 Pen and brown ink, with grey and brown wash, touched with red and yellow chalk and heightened with white, with some scraping-out, on Oriental paper

AN222003001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: Gg,2.262

Bibliographic reference
Benesch 1973 1205
Curtis & Tallis 2012 144
Royalton-Kisch 2010 61 (Rembrandt)
Hind 1915-31 79

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Rembrandt (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1656-1661 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
A Mughal nobleman on horseback; after a Mughal miniature, a man, with slight beard, holding a two-headed lance seated on a horse which is rearing to right. c.1656-1661
Pen and brown ink with brown and grey wash, touched with red and yellow chalk and white heightening and with some scraping-out, on oriental paper; the lance drawn with a ruler.
Verso: laid down on old mat.
No watermark.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: No inscriptions visible.


Dimensions
Height: 205 millimetres
Width: 177 millimetres


Condition
Generally good; parts of the surface are pitted (as in cat. nos.57 and 58; Gg,2.263 and 1910,0212.182; Benesch 1190 and 1199); some abrasions and scratches, a horizontal centre crease and spots of foxing (mostly upper right; similar foxing has affected the other drawing from the series formerly in Cracherode's collection, cat. no.57; Gg,2.263, Benesch 1190).

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, ‘Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school’, 2010, Rembrandt, cat. no.61.
Based on a Mughal miniature (see under cat. no.56; 1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187). Rembrandt's prototype survives together with others that he copied in Schloss Schönbrunn, Vienna, although his imitation is far from exact.[1] The lance seems to have been taken from another drawing in the same series.[2] The figure has been identified as Shāh Jahān,[3] also seen in cat. no.60 (1895,0915.1281, Benesch 1204) and in the only other equestrian subject in Rembrandt's series, now in the Louvre (Benesch 1197).

NOTES:
[1] Repr. Strzygowski, 1923, fig.3 (centre), Broos, 1980, fig.8 and Exh. London, 1992, p.151, fig.67a.
[2] Repr. Strzygowski, 1923, fig.22 (below) and Exh. London, 1992, p.151, fig.67b.
[3] By Rouffaer, 1906 (see Lit. below).

LITERATURE (always as Rembrandt):
Bürger, 1858, p.400 (c.1632, as for cat. no.57; inv. no.Gg,2.263, Benesch 1190); Blanc, II, 1861, p.454; Michel, 1893, p.581; Seidlitz, 1894, p.121 (1660s); Lippmann, I, no.116; Kleinmann, IV, no.8; Sarre, 1904, pp.154-5, repr. opp. p.156 (as cat. no.56; 1895,0915.1275, Benesch 1187; notes colour; compares Mughal miniature in Berlin Museum für Völkerkunde; authentic detail of the weapon; the woodenness of the horse seen also in the painted 'Equestrian Portrait', Bredius 255, [now] National Gallery, London); Bode and Valentiner, 1906, p.15, repr.; Hofstede de Groot, 1906, no.929; Rouffaer, 1906, p.371, n.1 (identifies horseman as probably Shāh Jahān); Saxl, 1908, p.234 (c.1649, as the 'Equestrian Portrait' - see under Sarre, 1904; also compares etching of the 'Triumph of Mordechai', Bartsch 40, Hind 172, which he dates to this period); Wurzbach, 1910, p.418 (Rembrandt?); London, 1915, no.79 (c.1656); Valentiner, II, 1934, no.653, repr; Benesch, 1935, p.56; Benesch, 1947, p.27 and no.230, repr. (c.1654-6); Hofman, 1956, repr. p.38; Benesch, V, 1957/73, no.1205, repr. fig.1428/1504 (c.1654-6; original miniature unidentified); Slive, 1965, I, no.118, repr. (c.1655); Gerson, 1968, p.108, repr. p.371, fig.b (possibly an ingredient in the inspiration for the 'Polish Rider', Bredius 279); Muller, 1968, pp.34-5, repr. fig.9 (c.1655; horseman's legs too far forward for a pesade); Bernhard, 1976, II, repr. p.538; Broos, 1977, p.121 (refers to Rouffaer, 1906); Schatborn, 1977, no.13, repr. (compares Louvre drawing, Benesch 1197); Broos, 1980, repr. p.213, fig.7 (as Rouffaer, 1906; identifies possible model at Schönbrunn); Exh. Paris, Louvre, Cabinet des dessins, 1988-9, under no.67 (c.1656; compares Louvre drawing, also of a horseman, Benesch 1197); Royalton-Kisch, 1991, p.18, n.1 (with other examples of coloured drawings); Montias, 2002, p.125, n.37 (relates speculativley to 'Chinees schilderijtge' mentioned in documents as transferred from Rembrandt's business associate, van den Broeck, to Ackersloot); Schatborn, 2006, p.80, under no.50 (compares Louvre drawing, Benesch 1197).


Subject
indian (all objects)

Associated names
Representation of Shah Jahan (biographical details | all objects)


Acquisition date
1799

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by Clayton Mordaunt Cracherode (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Jonathan Richardson Senior (L.2184) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection John Barnard (L.1419) (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Jonathan Richardson, sen. (L.2184); J. Barnard (L.1419; his sale, Greenwood, 7th day, 23 February, 1787, lot 51: 'A Chinese Officer on Horseback, an Imitation of a Chinese drawing by Rembrandt', bt. Thane, £4-8-0); Rev. C.M. Cracherode (L.606; acquired in 1787, according to Register), by whom bequeathed, 1799.


Exhibition History
London, 1899, no.A56 (use of colour resembles cat. nos.17 and 18 [Oo,10.122 and 1895,0806.74, Benesch 365 and 367]);
1938, no.79 (c.1656);
1956, p.16, no.5;
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, no.67, repr. in colour (c.1656-61);
1997-8 Melbourne-Canberra, NG Victoria/Australia, Rembrandt, pp.324, 326 and no.93, repr. in colour;
2000, Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, 2000, 'Glory of the Golden Age', no.53
2012 24 May - 30 Sep, London, BM, 'The horse: from Arabia to Royal Ascot'


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