A young man in a high-crowned hat, asleep; lying to front with his body resting against two pillows which are placed on a low chair. c.1650-55 Pen and brown ink, with red-brown wash


© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1900,0411.4

Bibliographic reference
Benesch 1973 1092
Sumowski 1979 continuing 559x
Hind 1915-31 88 (as Rembrandt)
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Drost.7

Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

paper (all objects)
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Willem Drost (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to Rembrandt (biographical details | all objects)
1655-1655 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)

A young man in a high-crowned hat, asleep; lying to front with his body resting against two pillows which are placed on a low chair. c.1655
Pen and brown ink touched with brown wash and with later red-brown wash.
Verso: blank.
Watermark: Pascal lamb, similar to Rotterdam, 1988, p.361, no.154, repr.

Inscription Content: No inscriptions.

Height: 162 millimetres (chain lines vertical, 23mm apart)
Width: 179 millimetres

Good, apart from later addition of red-brown wash; some discolouration, especially near the edges.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, ‘Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school’, 2010, Willem Drost, cat. no.7.
The drawing was until recently thought to be a sketch by Rembrandt of his son, Titus, but has often been compared to works that can now be attributed to Willem Drost with some confidence,[1] including the Copenhagen 'Christ and the Magdalene' (Sumowski 547x) and cat. nos.3, 5 and 6 (1855,1013.39, Oo,9.96 and Oo,9.98). The same model appears in a drawing in Stockholm of a 'Seated Youth in a Hat' (Benesch 1094, Sumowski 559ax) and perhaps also in cat. no.5 (Oo,9.96),[2] both of which also seem to be by Drost. The analogies with these drawings, including their characteristic parallel hatching, free handling and simplified outlines of somewhat uniform pressure, suggest a date in the mid-1650s, as do the stylistic similarities with Rembrandt's etchings of this period.[3]

[1] The attribution of the present sheet was first made by Sumowski, 1980 (see Lit. below).
[2] As noted by Kruse in Stockholm, 1920, p.66.
[3] Noted by Christopher White, 1969 (see Lit. below).

LITERATURE (as Rembrandt unless otherwise stated):
Lippmann, IV, no.87; Kleinmann, IV, no.6; Valentiner, 1905, p.61 (c.1655; of Titus); Hofstede de Groot, 1906, no.903 (c.1655; ex 'Skipp' collection); London, 1915, no.88 (c.1655); Stockholm, 1920, p.66, repr. fig.76 (c.1650-55; same model as in cat. no.5 (Oo,9.96) and 'Seated Man in high Hat' in Stockholm, Benesch 1094); Benesch, 1935, p.61 (c.1655-6; as for cat. no.6 (Oo,9.98) q.v.); Amsterdam, 1942, p.15, under no.34 (c.1655-6; of Titus?); Benesch, 1947, p.45, under no.238 (as Benesch, 1935); Benesch, V, 1957/73, no.1092, repr. fig.1311/1384 (c.1655-6; follows Stockholm, 1920; for style compares cat. no.3; 1855,1013.39); Haverkamp-Begemann, 1961, p.87 (attribution 'questionable'; groups with cat. no.5 (Oo,9.96) and with 'Man by a Window', Munich, Benesch 1173, 'Seated Man in high Hat' and 'Hurdy-Gurdy Man', both Stockholm, Benesch 1094 and 1163); Scheidig, 1962, p.60 and no.132, repr. (Titus); White, 1962, p.20, repr. pl.21 (c.1655; of Titus?); Slive, 1965, II, no.536 (c.1655); White, 1969, I, p.170, repr, II, pl.256 (c.1654; style resembles etched 'Golf Player' of 1654, Bartsch 125, Hind 272); Sciolla, 1972, p.76, n.17 (Rembrandt; influenced drawing attributed to Maes in Turin, Inv.16433b); Munich, 1973, p.121, under no.857 (compares drawing in Munich repr. pl.405; school work, possibly by Renesse); Turin, 1974, p.52, under no.74 (Rembrandt); Bernhard, 1976, II, repr. p.530; Sumowski, III, 1980, no.559x (by Willem Drost, mid-1650s; compares numerous sheets attributed to him, including cat. no.1 (1895,0915.1255) and 'Noli me tangere' in Copenhagen, Sumowski 547x); White, 1992, p.268 (sceptical of attribution to Drost); Schatborn, 1994, p.24 (Drost).

Associated names
Portrait of Titus van Rijn (former identification) (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition date

Acquisition name
Purchased from Prof William Bateson (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection John Skippe (?; according to HDG and all writers since) (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Benesch wrongly identified the drawing with one of a similar subject from the Festetics collection that was sold in the Klinkosch sale, Vienna, Wawra, 15 April, 1889, lot 737.

Exhibition History
London, 1901, no.A117;
1938, no.88; 1956, p.11, no.24;
1992, no.102, repr. (as Drost).

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