drawing

A sketch of the bend in the Amstel near Kostverloren; with houses amid trees to r. c.1650 Reed pen and brown ink

AN222041001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

  • Full: FrontFull: Front

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1932,1210.1

Bibliographic reference
Benesch 1973 1269
Royalton-Kisch 2010 81 (attributed to Rembrandt)
Hind 1915-31 Add.181

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Attributed to Willem Drost (?) (biographical details | all objects)
Attributed to Rembrandt (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1650 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
A sketch of the bend in the Amstel near Kostverloren; with houses amid trees to right. c.1650
Reed pen and brown ink (rubbed with the finger near left edge and towards the right).
Verso: see Inscriptions.
No watermark.

Dimensions
Height: 125 millimetres (chain lines vertical, 28mm apart)
Width: 197 millimetres


Condition
Slightly soiled, with some minor stains; a horizontal crease just above centre; vertical creases 55 and 150mm from left; probably slightly trimmed on the left.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, ‘Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school’, 2010, attributed to Rembrandt, cat. no.81.
See the note to cat. no.67 (1984,1110.9). Although a more cursory, outline sketch, its style approximates to that of the Oxford drawing, 'Farm Buildings beside a Road' (Benesch 1227) of around 1650, providing a degree of independent confirmation for the date and some support for the attribution, which has been questioned.[1] The handling differs from Rembrandt's other cursory pen and ink landscapes and the drawing cannot be accepted as his work without reservations. Willem Drost's name has been advanced as an alternative, but a confrontation with his works (and especially with those containing passages of landscape), although throwing up some analogies, is not persuasive.

NOTE:
[1] By Schatborn, 1990[I] (see Lit. below), who tentatively suggested the attribution to Drost. Benesch's contention that the present drawing was the latest of the series depicting this view, based on comparisons with the more broadly handled works in Cambridge and Stockholm (Benesch 1274 and 1289), is unconvincing, although the style is to some extent comparable.

LITERATURE (always as Rembrandt unless otherwise stated):
Hind, 1932[I], p.63, no.59, repr. pl.XXV (compares 'Bend in the Amstel' at Chatsworth, Benesch 1265; and etching 'Landscape with Trees', 'Farm Buildings and a Tower', Bartsch 223, Hind 244); Benesch, 1935, p.48 (c.1651); Münz, 1952, II, p.85, under no.168 (compares etching as Hind, 1932; also compares verso of Louvre version of the scene, Benesch 1220, and views of 'Trompenburg' at Chatsworth, Benesch 1218-19); Benesch, VI, 1957/73, no.1269, repr. fig.1496/1572 (c.1653; later than other versions of the scene; compares 'Farmhouse beneath Trees', Cambridge, Benesch 1274, and 'Farmstead beneath Trees', Stockholm, Benesch 1289); White, 1962, repr. pl.27 (c.1653); Bernhard, 1976, II, repr. p.476; Schneider, 1990, p.242, n.22 (possibly a study for Chatsworth version, Benesch 1265); Exh. Washington, 1990, p.224-5, repr. fig.2 (as Schneider, 1990; Chatsworth sheet, Benesch 1265, less clear at extreme left where the present drawing offered no guide [but see under condition above]); Schatborn, 1990[I], pp.34-6, repr. p.37, fig.9 (not directly related to Chatsworth sheet, Benesch 1265, or to cat. no.67 [1984,1110.9]; possibly by Drost?); Exh. Berlin-Amsterdam-London, 1991-2[I], p.108 (as Schatborn 1990[I]); Schatborn, 1994, pp.23-4 (not Rembrandt; compares Drost's hatching as in Drost cat. no.3 [1855,1013.39]; dryness of brush also characteristic; Vienna sheet, Benesch 1364, perhaps also Drost); Exh. Amsterdam-Paris, 1998-9, p.284, repr. fig.5; Schwartz, 2006, p.265 (speculates that Rembrandt may have known the owners of Kostverloren).

Literature after Royalton-Kisch 2010: Holm Bevers, review of Martin Royalton-Kisch catalogue, in The Burlington Magazine (2013), p.103 (attributed to Willem Drost: the hatching described as "untypical of Rembrandt but typical of his pupil Willem Drost"; comparing it with Drost drawings in the Kunsthalle Bremen and the Museum Boijmans van Beuningen in Rotterdam); P. Schatborn and L. van Sloten, 'Oude Tekeningen, Nieuwe Namen: Rembrandt en tijdgenoten', exh.cat. Rembrandthuis, Amsterdam, 2014, cat.no.9 (as Willem Drost).



Associated places
Topographic representation of Amsterdam (near) (all objects)
(Europe,Netherlands,Holland,Noord-Holland,Amsterdam)


Acquisition date
1932

Acquisition name
Donated by The Art Fund (as NACF) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Capt W A Worsley (sale Sotheby's 20.vii.1932/63) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Samuel Woodburn (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
S. Woodburn (according to Worsley sale catalogue and the inscription on verso; it is not possible to identify the drawing among Rembrandt's landscapes in the Woodburn sales); Capt. W.A. Worsley; his sale, Sotheby’s, 20 July 1932, lot 63, bt Colnaghi's, £115; presented to the British Museum by the National Art Collections Fund, 1932. Inscribed on verso in lower right, in pen and brown ink: 'Rembrandt/N.W. [crossed through] / Mr S. Woodburn'.


Exhibition History
London, 1938, no.108a;
1956, p.13, no.9 (as Hind, 1932[I]);
1965, no.22 (early 1650s);
1992, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, no.77, repr. (c.1650).
2014 Jan-Apr, Amsterdam, Rembrandthuis, 'Old Drawings New Names'


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