drawing

A clump of trees with a drawbridge. c.1645 Black chalk

AN222035001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1890,0512.161

Bibliographic reference
Hind 1915-31 107
Benesch 1973 1256
Royalton-Kisch 2010 63 (Rembrandt)

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Rembrandt (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1645 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
A clump of trees with a drawbridge; c.1645

Black chalk.

Verso: see Inscriptions (now laid down again).

Watermark: fragment of Arms of Baden Hochberg without a crown (cf. for type, Laurentius catalogue, p.77, fig.123).

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Inscribed in blue chalk, centre: 'n' [or 'w'?] and in graphite: '1488 [in a circle]'.


Dimensions
Height: 94 millimetres
Width: 151 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 26mm apart)


Condition
Good; slightly soiled; small loss at lower right corner and a nick from lower margin 22mm from left; some old, probably original paper creases.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Rembrandt, cat. no.63:
See the commentary to cat. no.62 (1890,0512.160; Benesch 1255).

LITERATURE (as Rembrandt unless otherwise stated):
Michel, 1893, p.584; Kleinmann, III, no.56 (wrongly in sepia); Hofstede de Groot, 1906, no.953; Wurzbach, 1910, p.418; Hind, 1912/24, I, p.60/32 (reflected in etching of c.1650 'Landscape with Trees, Farm-Buildings, and a Tower', Bartsch 223, Hind 244); London, 1915, no.107, repr. pl.xii (c.1650; as Hind, 1912); Eisler, 1918, pp.74-5 (c.1648-52); Van Dyke, 1927, p.139 (Jacob Koninck); Benesch, 1935, p.49 (c.1650-52; compares drawings grouped around etching, 'Clump of Trees with a Vista', Bartsch 222, Hind 263); Wimmer, 1935, p.59 (cut; early 1640s? authenticity questionable); Wimmer, 1942, pp.59 and 68 (school drawing, not Rembrandt); Benesch, 1947, p.37, under no.178 (as for cat. no.62 [1890,0512.160; Benesch 1255]); Benesch, VI, 1957, no.1256, repr. fig.1482/1560 (c.1651; as cat. no.62 [1890,0512.160; Benesch 1255], also comparing pen drawings such as 'Farm-Houses amid Trees', Chatsworth, Benesch 1248); Exh. Washington, 1990, p.207 under no.58, repr. fig.1, and pp.211-12, under no.60 (as for cat. no.62 [1890,0512.160; Benesch 1255]); Haverkamp-Begemann, 1992, p.466 (top of sheet was in gutter of the sketchbook; lower border suggests that this sheet overlapped the next in the sketchbook); Berlin, 2006, p.132, under no.36.

Literature after Royalton-Kisch 2010: Holm Bevers, review of Martin Royalton-Kisch catalogue, in The Burlington Magazine (2013), p.103 (dated around 1647/8 ).


Acquisition date
1890

Acquisition name
Purchased through Deprez & Gutekunst (biographical details | all objects)
Purchased from William Mitchell (Sale, Frankfurt-am-Main, F.A.C. Prestel, 1890, 7 May, lot 90 (with two drawings), bt Deprez & Guteku) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Ambroise Firmin-Didot (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Comte Antoine Francois Andréossy (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
As cat. no.62 (1890,0512.160; Benesch 1255).


Exhibition History
London, 1891, no.113a;
1899, no.A68A;
1938, no.107;
London, BM, 1992, 'Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle', cat. no.70, repr. (c.1645);
Boston-Chicago, Museum of Fine Arts/Chicago Art Institute, 2003-4, 'Rembrandt's Journey...'


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