drawing

A nude woman standing by a chair; WL turned to l, with her l arm raised above her head, her r hand resting on the arm of the chair. c.1661-2 Pen and grey ink and brown wash, touched with white, on a sheet of paper torn at upper l around the contour of the figure

AN221967001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1895,1214.101

Bibliographic reference
Benesch 1973 1145
Hind 1915-31 94 (as Rembrandt)
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Raven.3

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Attributed to Johannes Raven II (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to Rembrandt (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1661-1662 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
A nude woman standing by a chair; whole-length turned to left, with her left arm raised above her head, her right hand resting on the arm of the chair. c.1661-2

Pen and brown ink with brown wash, with some black chalk and white heightening; ruled framing lines in pen and brown ink (only visible to left and below).

Verso: laid down on old mat.

No watermark visible.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: No inscriptions visible.


Dimensions
Height: 276 millimetres (chain lines not visible)
Width: 135 millimetres


Condition
Perhaps trimmed to the right; the top left section of the background appears to be on a separated part of the original sheet, rejoined; some dirt near lower edge; the wash is a later addition (see further below).

Curator's comments
Literature: P. Schatborn, in H. Bevers et.al. 'Drawings by Rembrandt and his Pupils: Telling the Difference', exh.cat. The J Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, 2009, under cat.no.43, fig.43b (as Raven).

Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, attributed to Johannes Raven, cat. no.3:
For the attribution to Raven and the drawing's relationship to a group of five other nude studies of the same period, see cat. no.2 (1895,1214.102).
Acquired together with cat. no.2 (1895,1214.102), both seem to have been elaborated by the addition of brown wash, possibly by Raven himself at a later date. The present sheet, in which the wash again surrounds the outlines crudely, adding shadows to the figure and below the chair that have a contradictory logic, would originally have been drawn almost entirely with the pen. The narrower horizontal dimension of the drawing could explain the absence of the vertical lines of the ledger-book from which the paper used for cat. no.2 and other studies of the same period was taken.[1]
The model's raised left hand appears to be supported with a rope or sling of the type seen in another drawing from the same group of studies, now in Amsterdam (Benesch 1146), and perhaps also in cat. no.1 (1859,0806.85).[2]

NOTES:
[1] See under cat. no.2 (1895,1214.102). In other respects the paper looks similar.
[2] As noted by Stechow, 1971 (see Lit. below).

LITERATURE (as Rembrandt unless otherwise stated):
Kleinmann, II, no.48; Valentiner, 1905, p.46 (c.1655-62; of Hendrickje); Hofstede de Groot, 1906, no.938 (c.1660); Baldwin Brown, 1907, p.146, repr. pl.21 (of Hendrickje; relates to late etchings of the nude, Bartsch 197, 199, 200, Hind 296-8); Wurzbach, 1910, p.418; London, 1915, no.94, repr. pl.X (c.1660 or earlier; grouped with cat. no.1 [1859,0806.85]); Weisbach, 1926, p.65; Van Dyke, 1927, p.90 (by Horst); Hind, 1932, p.37; Paris, 1933, p.30, under no.1187 (relates to other drawings of the nude, Benesch 1118-20 in Amsterdam, Paris and Florence); Benesch, 1935, p.67 (c.1661; groups with 'Seated Nude to left', Rijksmuseum, Benesch 1146, 'Nude in long Veil' Rotterdam, Benesch 1144 and cat. no.1 [1859,0806.85]); Amsterdam, 1942, pp.17-18, under no.39, and p.19, under no.43 (follows Paris, 1933 and Benesch, 1935; compares 'Seated Nude to left', Rijksmuseum, Benesch 1146); Benesch, V, 1957/73, no.1145, repr. fig.1369/1441 (c.1661; as Benesch, 1935, relating the same nude studies to the etched 'Woman with the Arrow', Bartsch 202, Hind 303, of 1661; model holds sling also in Benesch 1146-7, the latter here cat. no.1 [1859,0806.85]); Scheidig, 1962, p.61 and no.138, repr; Bonnier, 1970/69, repr. in colour p.91, fig.59 (c.1661); Stechow, 1971, p.487 (model holds a sling, as in cat. no.1 [1859,0806.85] and Amsterdam drawing, Benesch 1146); Bernhard, 1976, II, repr. p.564; Amsterdam, 1985, p.150, under no.69 (by Raven, as for cat. no.2 [1895,1214.102]); Robinson, 1988, p.586 (quotes Amsterdam, 1985); White, 1992, p.268 (Raven a tentative possibility); Schatborn, 1994, p.24 (Raven).


Subject
academic nude (all objects)


Acquisition date
1895

Acquisition name
Purchased from Colnaghi (biographical details | all objects)


Exhibition History
London, 1899, no.A50 (probably c.1646);
1938, no.94 (c.1660 or earlier);
1956, p.9, no.10 (same period as cat. no.27);
1992, no.108, repr. (as attrib. to Raven).


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