drawing

An encampment with soldiers by the roadside; two tents with flags flying on the l of a road, surrounded by numerous figures, two standing conversing at far l. c.1655 Reed pen and brown ink, with grey-brown wash, touched with (later?) grey wash

AN222102001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

  • Full: FrontFull: Front

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: Oo,9.86

Bibliographic reference
Hind 1915-31 113
Benesch 1973 1345
Royalton-Kisch 2010 84 (attributed to Rembrandt)

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Attributed to Rembrandt (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1655 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
An encampment with soldiers by the roadside; two tents with flags flying on the left of a road, surrounded by numerous figures, two standing conversing at far l. c.1655

Reed pen and dark brown ink with greyish-brown wash; a touch of (later?) grey wash, lower left; ruled framing lines (largely trimmed away) in pen and brown ink.

Verso: see Inscriptions.

No watermark.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Lower right, in pen and brown ink, 'Rembrant:'; verso, in graphite, upper left: '28 [in a circle]'.


Dimensions
Height: 77 millimetres
Width: 186 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 32?mm apart)


Condition
Somewhat foxed and stained.* *(RK Note [1] under Curatorial Comment) A touch of gold leaf on the lower edge towards the right suggests that the drawing was formerly on an eighteenth-century mat with gilt borders.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, ‘Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school’, 2010, attributed to Rembrandt, cat. no.84.
The location depicted, the date of the drawing and also its attribution remain uncertain. The period around the mid-1650s seems probable on the basis of the style with its confident and suggestive use of the reed pen. Analogies have been observed with two drawings at Chatsworth, the 'Amstelveen' (Benesch 1346) and the 'View over the Amstel' (Benesch 1347).[2] Nonetheless, the drawing remains somewhat uncharacteristic for Rembrandt and its attribution is retained here with reservations.

NOTES:
[1] A touch of gold leaf on the lower edge towards the right suggests that the drawing was formerly on an eighteenth-century mat with gilt borders.
[2] As suggested by Benesch, 1957/73; he also noted that the style pointed to a later period than the summer of 1650, when William II marched on Amsterdam, which Lugt, 1915/20, had argued was the event that gave rise to the drawing. Nevertheless Lugt's suggestion remains a possibility, given the uncertainty surrounding the date of the drawing.

LITERATURE (always as Rembrandt unless otherwise stated):
Bürger, 1858, p.402 ('d'un ton superbe'); Lippmann, I, no.104a; Kleinmann, II, no.54; Seidlitz, 1894, p.125 (not Rembrandt; groups with cat. nos.70 [Gg,2.255] and 86 [Oo,9.111] and 'Windmills on west Side of Amsterdam' now in Copenhagen, Benesch1335); Bell, c.1905, repr. pl.XLVII; Hofstede de Groot, 1906, no.925; Wurzbach, 1910, p.418; London, 1915, no.113 (notes Seidlitz's rejection); Lugt, 1915/20, pp.103/105-6, repr. fig.64 (probably drawn at Amstelveen, like Benesch1346 at Chatsworth; see n.2 above); Eisler, 1918, p.98 (deep, off-centre perspective typical of some later drawings, including 'Cottages beneath high Trees' in Berlin, Benesch1367); Benesch, 1935, p.47 (early 1650s; quotes Lugt); Wimmer, 1935, p.41 (c.1650; compares etched 'Landscape with three gabled Cottages', Bartsch 217, Hind 246); Benesch, VI, 1957/73. no.1345, repr. fig.1579/1658 (c.1654-5; see n.2 above); Slive, 1965, I, no.105, repr. (quotes Lugt, 1920); Muller, 1968, p.47 (follows Lugt, 1915/20; drawn at same time as cat. no.69 [1895,0915.1283]); Bonnier, 1970/69, repr. in colour p.100, fig.67 (c.1654-5); Giltaij, 1995, p.101 (not Rembrandt); Exh. Amsterdam-Paris, 1998-9, p.352, n.10 (compares tents in the 'View of the Church at Sloten', Oslo, not in Benesch, inv.NG.K&H.B15804).


Subject
barrack/camp scene (scope note | all objects)


Acquisition date
1824

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by Richard Payne Knight (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Sir Joshua Reynolds (L.2364) (biographical details | all objects)


Exhibition History
London, 1899, no.A69;
1938, no.113;
1992, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, no.84, repr. in colour (c.1655).


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