drawing

A house with castellated gable encircled by trees and a fence; a large wheel propped up before the fence and two windmills in the distance Pen and brown ink, with brown wash

AN222469001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: Oo,9.87

Bibliographic reference
Hind 1915-31 157 (as School of Rembrandt)
Sumowski 1979 continuing 999xx
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Furnerius.6

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Abraham Furnerius (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to Rembrandt (School of) (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1650-1654 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
House near the 'de Rose' bastion, Amsterdam; house has a castellated gable encircled by trees and a fence, a large wheel propped up before the fence and two windmills in the distance. c.1650-54

Pen and brown ink with brown wash; some outlines indented under the trees to right; framing lines in pen and brownish-black ink.

Verso: laid down on blue card.

Watermark: fool's cap with 5 bells (visible only in raking light).

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: None.


Dimensions
Height: 151 millimetres
Width: 197 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 25mm apart)


Condition
Good; slight brownish discolouration.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Abraham Furnerius, cat. no.6:
A characteristic example of the landscape drawings that are attributed to Furnerius on the basis of old inscriptions. The indentations under the trees, however, are an unusual feature and have yet to be explained.
The site, on the west side of the walls of Amsterdam, was drawn again by Furnerius in a more highly finished sheet now in the Teylers Museum, Haarlem.[1] A comparison between the two drawings shows that Furnerius could be free with details of architecture and topography (even changing the tower mill into a post mill), and the arrangement of the windmills on the bulwarks behind seems not to reflect their precise situation.[2]
The artist's brother-in-law Philips Koninck made an etching of the houses on the same bulwark, but seen from the other side, and Rembrandt also made drawings of the site.[3]

NOTES:
[1] Inv. P*65; repr. Sumowski 1022xx; Haarlem, 1997, no.157 and Exh. Amsterdam-Paris, 1998-9, p.200, fig.5. The site was identified by Lugt, 1915, but only in 1920 did he add the present sheet to the views that he had previously collated. A copy of the Haarlem drawing is in Frankfurt (Z.794).
[2] Exh. Washington, 1990 (see Lit. below). The change in the mill was noted in Exh. Amsterdam-Paris, 1998-9 (see Lit. below).
[3] The Koninck is Hollstein 3; the impression in the British Museum is dated 1659 in ink by the artist, five years after Furnerius' death. The Rembrandts are now in Budapest, Benesch 1264, and formerly at Chatsworth, Benesch 1263.

LITERATURE :
Bürger, 1858, p.402 (Rembrandt); London, 1915, no.157, repr. pl.XXIII (school of Rembrandt; has been attributed to Furnerius; compares Eeckhout, 'Draughtsman before a peasant Dwelling', Rijksmuseum, [Amsterdam, 1942, p.77, no.14] and Eeckhout's drawing here cat. no.12 [1847,0723.108]); Hirschmann, 1918, p.23 (notes similar view in Haarlem [Sumowski 1022xx]); Lugt, 1920, p.79, repr. fig.40a (by Furnerius and of same house as in his drawing in Haarlem [Sumowski 1022xx]; house also seen in school etching, Bartsch 242 [given wrongly as 214], in Rembrandt's drawing in Budapest, Benesch 1264, and drawing formerly at Chatsworth, Benesch 1263; identifies site as house near bulwark 'de Rose' and windmill as 'de smeerpot'); Hind, 1924, p.124, under no.324 (quotes Lugt, 1920); Henkel, 1931, pp.85-6 (quotes Lugt); Münz, 1952, II, p.186, under no.361 (quotes Lugt, 1920); Exh. Amsterdam, 1955, p.16, under no.16; Benesch, VI, 1957/73, under no.1264 (quotes Lugt, 1920); Exh. Cambridge, 1966, under no.32 (attrib. to Furnerius); Gerszi, 1971, p.99 (copied from drawing in Frankfurt [Sumowski under no.1022xx as a copy of Haarlem drawing]); Sumowski, 1979 etc., IV, 1981, no.999xx (attrib. to Furnerius; notes Haarlem depiction of the site and compares for style the 'Mountain Landscape', Braunschweig, Sumowski 998xx and 'Village behind Trees', Dresden, Sumowski 1000xx); Exh. Washington, 1990, p.223 (as Lugt, 1920, but the windmills an invention on this site); Haarlem, 1997, p.160, under no.157, and p.162, under no.159; Exh. Amsterdam-Paris, 1998-9, p.197, repr. p.200, fig.4 (topography); Budapest, 2005, p.213, under no.205 (compares view by Rembrandt now in Budapest, Benesch 1264); Exh. Braunschweig, 2006, p.58, under no.17.



Associated places
Topographic representation of Amsterdam (all objects)
(Europe,Netherlands,Holland,Noord-Holland,Amsterdam)


Acquisition date
1824

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by Richard Payne Knight (as Rembrandt) (biographical details | all objects)


Exhibition History
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle (not in catalogue, as by Furnerius).


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