View of Amsterdam near the Haarlem Gate; view from the fortifications including wet ditches with palisades, a windmill on a bank beyond, a church behind to l, and a row of houses to l Pen and brown ink, with brown wash, on pale brown prepared paper


© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1895,0915.1193

Bibliographic reference
Royalton-Kisch 2010 134 (anonymous Rembrandt School)
Hind 1915-31 161
JCR 725

Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

paper (all objects)
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Formerly attributed to Jacob Koninck (biographical details | all objects)
Circle/School of Rembrandt (anonymous) (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to Pieter de With (biographical details | all objects)
1650-1660 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)
Danish (all objects)

View of Amsterdam near the Haarlem Gate; view from the fortifications including wet ditches with palisades, a windmill on a bank beyond, a church behind to left, and a row of houses to left. c.1650-60

Pen and brown ink with brown wash on paper washed light brown; ruled framing lines in pen and brown ink.

Verso: see Inscriptions.

Watermark: Foolscap with seven-pointed collar, with letters 'LC' or 'IC'.

Inscription Content: Inscribed verso, in graphite, lower left: 'Gesigt vande Haerlemmer Poort/ tot Amsterdam' and below, by another hand: 'P de Koningh'; lower right: '15' and lower left, an illegible price code (perhaps 'PP HASILS CCC').

Height: 191 millimetres
Width: 312 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 23/26mm apart)

Generally good; a little worn, top left.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, ‘Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school’, 2010, anonymous Rembrandt School, cat. no.134.
The drawing shows the bulwark to the north of the Haarlem Gate, Amsterdam, the tower of which, designed by Hendrick de Keyser and built in 1615, is seen behind.[1]
The draughtsman is unknown. A drawing of the 'Anjelier Bulwark in Amsterdam' formerly in the Schlossbibliothek in Aschaffenburg is clearly by the same hand.[2] This includes some foliage in the foreground that has been related in style to the vegetation seen in a drawing by Jacob Koninck in Rotterdam of a 'Hilly Landscape with a Wood and River'.[3] The attribution of the Rotterdam drawing to Jacob Koninck is supported by two old inscriptions: the first, from the seventeenth century, states that it came from a group of drawings by Jacob Koninck and Pieter de With; the second, perhaps from the early eighteenth century, that it is by Jacob Koninck. (Similar inscriptions appear on the versos of two further drawings in Rotterdam, Sumowski 1307x and 1309x.) Yet none of these drawings seems particularly close to either of the two landscapes that are signed by Jacob Koninck himself - the British Museum's drawing (J. Koninck cat. no.2; 1912,1214.17) and the 'Wooded Landscape' now in Paris (Fondation Custodia, Frits Lugt collection, Sumowski 1290).[4]
Perhaps closer analogies for the British Museum and Aschaffenburg drawings are to be found with landscapes attributed to Pieter de With, in particular with the 'Mountain Landscape with a Village in a Valley' now in the Prentenkabinet in Leiden (Sumowski 2425x). Among other characteristics, its densely worked foreground and the foliage on the left are hard to differentiate from the present sheet. Yet the Leiden drawing cannot be given with certainty to de With, despite its stylistic proximity to the 'City Wall with Tower by a Canal', formerly in Dresden (Sumowski 2396), which was apparently signed 'P de [...]i[...] Fe 165[...]'.[5] For this reason the British Museum landscape is retained in the anonymous section.[6]

[1] Lugt, 1920 (see Lit. below).
[2] As first pointed out by Hirschmann, 1918 (see Lit. below). Reproduced by Sumowski, no.1313x.
[3] Sumowski, no.1306x, repr.; Rotterdam, 1988, no.89, repr.
[4] Inv. no.1971-T.3.
[5] As first discovered by George Keyes. The drawing was inv. no.C1094, destroyed in World War II. The initials were tampered with in an attempt to forge a signature by Philips Koninck.
[6] The possibility that the Rotterdam drawings are by de With should perhaps be reconsidered, in view of the parallels with drawings such as the signed 'Landscape with a Church and Village' in the Courtauld Institute and the 'Panoramic View' in the Hermitage (Sumowski nos.2391 and 2395, repr.).

Robinson, 1869/76, no.710/725 (as 'P. de Koningh'; of Haarlem Gate; ex Robinson collection); London, 1915, no.161, repr. pl.XXIV (anon. Rembrandt school, somewhat akin to Lievens); Hirschmann, 1918, p.23 (same hand as drawing from Aschaffenburg, ZIII,115 [Sumowski 1313x]); Lugt, 1920, pp.80 and 83, repr. fig.42a (as London, 1915; bulwark that to north of Haarlemmerpoort, also seen in Eeckhout drawing in Haarlem, Teylers Museum); Gerson, 1936, p.62, n.129 and no.Z.XXXIX (not P. Koninck but resembles Jacob Koninck; with provenance details; otherwise as Lugt, 1920); Sumowski, VI, 1982, no.1314x, repr. (attributed to Jacob Koninck, following Gerson, 1936).

archaeological site/excavation (scope note | all objects)
windmill (all objects)

Associated places
Topographic representation of Amsterdam (all objects)

Acquisition date

Acquisition name
Purchased from Col John Wingfield Malcolm (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Sir John Charles Robinson (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection John Malcolm of Poltalloch (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
B. Hagelis; his sale, Amsterdam, 8 March, 1762, lot 583 as Philips Koninck, bt for f.20; G. van Rossem; his sale, Amsterdam, 8 February, 1773, kunstboek E, no.368, bt Busserus, f.36; H. Busserus; his sale, Amsterdam, 21 October, 1782, lot 2158; H. van Eyl Sluijter; his sale, Amsterdam, 26 September, 1814, kunstboek F, no.42; Gerrit Muller sale, Amsterdam, De Vries, Praetorius, Engelberts and Roos, 2 April, 1827, kunstboek B, no.4, bt Claussin, f.150; J.C. Robinson (L.1433, lower left, erased); acquired from him by John Malcolm of Poltalloch; purchased with his collection, 1895.

Exhibition History
London, 1956, p.28, no.2 bis (as anonymous).

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