drawing

Windmill and cottage on the banks of a canal; the canal in the foreground, a windmill at r with a barge and a small boat in front, two men on the quay in front of a cottage at l and a woman in the doorway Pen and brown ink, with brown wash, watercolour and bodycolour

AN222440001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1895,0915.1285

Bibliographic reference
Hind 1915-31 173 (as School of Rembrandt)
JCR 811
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Borssom.20

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Attributed to Anthonie van Borssom (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to Rembrandt (school of) (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1644-1677
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
Windmill and cottage on the banks of a canal; the canal in the foreground, a windmill at right with a barge and a small boat in front, two men on the quay in front of a cottage at left and a woman in the doorway.

Pen and brown ink and some black ink with brown wash and watercolour with bodycolour.

Verso: laid down on card (remnant of old mat).

No watermark visible.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Inscription on verso of backing card, lower centre, in graphite: '3'.


Dimensions
Height: 138 millimetres
Width: 283 millimetres (horizontal chain lines; distance apart uncertain)


Condition
Poor; considerably retouched and apparently treated with gum arabic or varnish.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Anthonie van Borssom, cat. no.20:

The location depicted is unknown, but includes a haybarn on the left and a 'wipmolen' behind the barge on the right.
In style the drawing resembles van Borssom's work, as has previously been noted,[1] but the closest similarities are confined to the few descriptions of foliage, rendered in zigzags, and the reflections in the water. In other respects, including the somewhat unbalanced composition and the perspectivally erroneous rendering of such details as the square window in the centre, the drawing leaves room for some doubt concerning the attribution. Van Borssom generally used a reed pen rather than the quill employed here, and when drawing with the latter, his style is generally more energetic and calligraphic.[2] The condition, especially of the coloured areas, exacerbates the difficulties in reaching a definitive conclusion.

NOTES:
[1] By Hind in London, 1915 (see Lit. below).
[2] Cf. cat. no.9 (1836,0811.57).

LITERATURE :
Robinson, 1869/76, no.791/811 (Rembrandt); Dutuit, II, 1885, p.102 (Rembrandt; see n.1 above); London, 1915, no.173, repr. pl.XXVIII (anonymous Rembrandt school, somewhat near to van Borssom).


Acquisition date
1895

Acquisition name
Purchased from Col John Wingfield Malcolm (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Dr Rev Henry Wellesley (Sotheby's, 30.vi.1866/1055 as Rembrandt 'A MILL WITH COTTAGES in the foreground; a stream to the lef) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection John Malcolm of Poltalloch (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection William Esdaile (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Probably Paignon-Dijonval collection, acquired en bloc by Samuel Woodburn;[1] William Esdaile (L.2617); possibly his sale, Christie's, 5th night, 23 June 1840, lot 1022 ('A village, with a windmill, slightly washed with colour' bt with lot 1023 ('Judas betraying Christ') by Hogarth, £1-13-0; Dr H. Wellesley (by 1857, when lent to Manchester exhibition); his sale, 6th day, Sotheby's, 30 June, 1866, lot 1055 bt Whitehead, £17-0-0, for Malcolm (who paid 17gns according to annotated Malcolm catalogue in the British Museum); John Malcolm of Poltalloch; purchased with his collection, 1895. NOTES: [1] See Dutuit, II, 1885, p.102, who records this provenance, describing the drawing as of 'Quelques Chaumières au bord d'un canal. A droite, une barque derrière laquelle est un moulin à vent. A l'acquarelle. 135 x 270mm.'


Exhibition History
1857, Manchester, 'Art Treasures', no.154 (Rembrandt);
1878-9, London, Grosvenor Gallery, no.209 (Rembrandt);
1956, British Museum, p.28, no.3 bis (anonymous).


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