Landscape with a windmill in a large plain; the edge of a canal in the foreground, a windmill at l and a low cottage and tree at r, a horse and cart at centre advancing towards the canal, haymaking in fields in the background Pen and brown ink, with brown wash and oil, on Oriental paper


© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: Oo,9.78

Bibliographic reference
Hind 1915-31 172 (as School of Rembrandt)
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Dijck.3

Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

paper (all objects)
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Attributed to Abraham van Dijck (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to Rembrandt (school of) (biographical details | all objects)
1650-1660 (circa, ?)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)

Landscape with a windmill in a large plain; the edge of a canal in the foreground, a windmill at left and a low cottage and tree at right, a horse and cart at centre advancing towards the canal, haymaking in fields in the background.
Pen and brown ink with brown wash, touched with graphite and red chalk, heightened with white and coloured oil paint, on oriental paper.
Verso: laid down on an eighteenth-century mat.
No watermark.

Inscription Content: On verso of mat, in pen and brown ink, upper right: 'J:B. No:978./ 10¼ by 5¾'; in graphite, upper left: '63' [in a circle].

Height: 147 millimetres
Width: 260 millimetres


Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, attributed to Abraham van Dijck, cat. no.3:

Traditionally attributed to Rembrandt, the thinly-drawn penwork, inasmuch as it remains visible, resembles the style of certain drawings attributed to Philips Koninck, as has previously been noted (compare for example, the work catalogued as cat. no.13 (Oo,10.182).[1] Yet the fragmented, almost staccato touch may be compared yet more convincingly with a drawing in the Rijksmuseum, the 'Landscape near the Saw-Mill Gate [Zaagmolenpoortje] outside Amsterdam', which has recently been attributed to another Rembrandt pupil, Abraham van Dijck.[2] The spatial recession and details such as the figures are also similar. There are also stylistic connections with the work of Johannes Ruijscher.[3]
The use of oil paint, which seems not to be a later addition, is unusual in a work of the Rembrandt circle. The handling of the medium is comparable to a painting of a 'Landscape with a Figures', on the London art market in 1988 with a controversial attribution to Jan Lievens.[4]

[1] The suggestion made by Hind in London, 1915 (see Lit. below). For further drawings attributed to Koninck and in this style, see Sumowski, 1979 etc., VI, 1982, nos.1474x-1487x.
[2] By Schatborn, 1985, p.99, repr. fig.10. In conversation (27 February 1992) he suggested that the present drawing might also be by van Dijck.
[3] Cf. his 'Village with a Church by a River', now in Berlin (KdZ.3800; Sumowski 2296).
[4] Sotheby's, London, 7 December, 1988, lot 115, repr. The attribution to Lievens was made by Schneider, 1932, no.307, but rejected by Sabine Jacob in Exh. Braunschweig, 1979, p.25, n.20, and Sumowski, 'Gemälde', III, 1983, p.1772, n.32 (with further literature).

Bürger, 1858, p.401 (by Rembrandt); Blanc, II, 1861, p.455 (Rembrandt); Bell, c.1905, repr. pl.XLI; London, 1915, no.172, repr. pl.XXVIII (anon. school of Rembrandt; possibly by Philips Koninck).

windmill (all objects)

Acquisition date

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by Richard Payne Knight (as by Rembrandt) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection John Barnard (L.1419 and 1420 verso; perhaps his sale, Greenwood, 8th night, 24 February, 1787, lot 60 ('A Ditto [) (biographical details | all objects)

Exhibition History
1956, London, p.28, no.2 (as anonymous).

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