Landscape with a windmill and church near a canal at r; a canal in the foreground, a church among trees and another tower to l Pen and brown ink


© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: Ff,4.127

Bibliographic reference
Hind 1915-31 169 (as School of Rembrandt)
Sumowski 1979 continuing 1720x (Jan Lievens)
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Lievens.J.A.4

Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

paper (all objects)
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Formerly attributed to Anthonie van Borssom (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to Jan Lievens (biographical details | all objects)
Drawn by Jan Andrea Lievens (biographical details | all objects)
Formerly attributed to Rembrandt (school of) (biographical details | all objects)
1665 (perhaps circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)

A windmill near a canal outside Haarlem (?); canal in the foreground, a church among trees and another tower to left. c.1665
Pen and brown ink.
Verso: see Inscriptions.
Watermark: a crowned shield with a lily, the letters ‘WR’ below.

Inscription Content: Inscribed verso, upper centre, in black chalk, in an early hand: ‘Jon Levens’.

Height: 245 millimetres
Width: 402 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 27mm apart)

Much faded; dirty at top left and elsewhere; other minor blemishes.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Jan Andrea Lievens, cat. no.4:
For the problems posed in attributing landscape drawings to Jan Lievens and his son, Jan Andrea Lievens, see the biography of the latter.
This is a characteristic example of this type of sketch, though greatly faded. The background foliage in the drawing of the 'Holy Family with St John the Baptist', signed by Jan Andries Lievens (see cat. no.1; 1836,0811.343) is close in style to the penwork here and the drawing is therefore placed under his name.
The church appears to be the Grote Kerk of St Bavo in Haarlem,[1] although the identification is uncertain.

[1] As noted by Sumowski (see Lit. below). He suggests that the drawing might be the one mentioned in the sale of D. Smith, Amsterdam, 13 July 1761, portfolio G, no.459 (Schneider, 1932, no.Z151), but other possibilities include the Lievens drawing here catalogued as cat. no.13 (1876,1209.628), and the related sheet in the Abrams collection (see Exh. Amsterdam-Vienna-New York-Cambridge, 1991-2, under no.66, n.3, in which William W. Robinson points out that views of St Bavo are sometimes confused with views of the churches in Alkmaar and Leiden).

London, 1915, no.169 (formerly attributed to van Borssum and to Lievens, the former more probable); Sumowski, VII, 1983, no.1720x (Jan Lievens; compares drawing in Fitzwilliam Museum, PD 449-1963, Sumowski 1718x; see also n.1 above).

Acquisition date

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by Clayton Mordaunt Cracherode (L.606) (biographical details | all objects)

Exhibition History
No exhibitions recorded.

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