Long view of a flat landscape (probably Rhine country near Arnhem); two figures working in the fields near the r foreground, a river, windmill, and church amid trees in the distance Pen and brown ink, with brown wash, over black chalk


© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: Oo,9.90

Bibliographic reference
Hind 1915-31 2
Sumowski 1979 continuing 2310xx
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Ruijscher.2

Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

paper (all objects)
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Attributed to Jan Ruijscher (biographical details | all objects)
1648-1650 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)

Panoramic landscape with two figures in the foreground; a river, windmill, and church amid trees in the distance. c.1648-50

Pen and brown ink with brown wash, touched with white, over traces of black chalk; framing-lines in pen and brown ink.

Verso: blank

No watermark.

Inscription Content: No inscriptions.

Height: 104 millimetres (arched top)
Width: 339 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 25mm apart)

Some vertical creases, otherwise good.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, attributed to Johannes Ruijscher, cat. no.2:
See the remarks to cat. no.1 (Oo,9.91). The view has not been identified, although it resembles Ruijscher's views of Naarden (see cat. no.4; Oo,9.92). The same general area may also be represented in cat. no.3 (Oo,9.89), as has previously been suggested.[1] The two drawings appear to be on the same type of paper and could come from the same sketchbook.
Like cat. no.1 (Oo,9.91), the attributions of this and cat. no.3 (Oo,9.89) to Ruijscher, although generally accepted, are not entirely secure as his signed drawings are not closely comparable. Only five or six other drawings appear to be incontrovertibly by the same hand.[2] They probably all date from c.1650, the period when Rembrandt drew comparable vistas of the Dutch landscape, some of them also with the arched top format. Ruijscher tends to invest the landscape, as here, with more atmospheric drama.

[1] London, 1915 (see Lit. below), where it was suggested that the hill to the right of this sheet was continued in the next; this seems no more or less speculative than the idea that the drawings continue in this way between the other edges (the left edge of this sheet almost aligns with the right of the other).
[2] The closest are Sumowski nos.2300xx (Amsterdam), 2303xx (Leiden), 2304xx (formerly Oppenheimer collection and New York art market), 2307xx (whereabouts unknown), 2308xx (St Petersburg). No.2301xx (here cat. no.4; Oo,9.92) is also fairly close.

LITERATURE (always as Ruijscher unless otherwise stated):
Bürger, 1858, pp.402-3 (Rembrandt); Hind, 1914, p.19; London, 1915, p.94, no.2, repr. pl.LXII (probably of Rhine area near Arnhem); Hirschmann, 1918, p.24; Van Dyke, 1927, p.142, repr. pl.XLVII, fig.186; Welcker, 1933, pp.21 and 24, repr. fig.8 (as London 1915; compares ex-Oppenheimer drawing [Sumowski 2304xx]); Welcker, 1936, p.175 (compares painting then in Schnitzler collection [repr. Sumowski, 'Gemälde', IV, p.2532, as anon. 19th cent. and collection unknown]); Sumowski, 1979 etc., X, 1992, p.5224, no.2310xx, repr. (c.1650-57; attribution not secure; same hand as 'Landscape near Muiderberg', Dresden inv. C1352, Sumowski 2298xx [which has an early attribution to Ruijscher on the verso] and 'View of Naarden', Amsterdam, inv. A2425, Sumowski 2300xx).

Associated places
Topographic representation of Arnhem (?) (all objects)

Acquisition date

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by Richard Payne Knight (as Rembrandt) (biographical details | all objects)

Exhibition History
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, not in catalogue

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