View near Cleves; overlooking a flat landscape, the river Rhine in the mid-distance Pen and brown ink, with brown wash and watercolour


© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: Oo,9.91

Bibliographic reference
Hind 1915-31 1
Sumowski 1979 continuing 2309xx
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Ruijscher.1

Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

paper (all objects)
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Attributed to Jan Ruijscher (biographical details | all objects)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)

View of open country with the Rhine near Cleves; a flat landscape, the river Rhine in the mid-distance. 1648

Pen and brown ink with green and brown wash on paper prepared with white; framing-lines in graphite and in pen and grey ink (partly on the backing-card only).

Verso: laid down on grey backing card.

No watermark visible.

Inscription Content: Inscribed in pen and brown ink, top left: ‘d'elterenberg’; top centre: ‘cleef A.1648’; top right ‘Huisse’; in graphite, top right: ‘105’.

Height: 207 millimetres
Width: 306 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 25mm apart)

Some discolouration in the sky; vertical crease 82mm from right edge; slight loss lower right corner; other minor creases and blemishes; some foxing.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, attributed to Johannes Ruijscher, cat. no.1:
The drawing shows the Rhine valley from the hills near Arnhem, looking South by South-East across the German border, with Elten (Hochelten) on the left, Cleves in the centre and Huissen (mentioned in the inscription to the upper right) to the right, on the further bank of the Lower Rhine.
The attribution to Ruijscher, first proposed in 1914, is not entirely secure.[1] Only two signed drawings are known, both probably dating from 1657-61, and their more tentative penwork is markedly different to that seen here. Yet as the comparison with cat. nos.2-3 (Oo,9.90 and Oo,9.89) shows, the present drawing belongs to a stylistically homogeneous group of works (which share the same provenance and have consecutive inventory numbers) that has been associated with Ruijscher, not least because of their resemblance to a drawing in Dresden which bears an old attribution to him.[2] The handwriting on the present drawing also has elements in common with Ruijscher's inscription on his signed 'View of Trampe near Eberswalde' now in Berlin, although again the analogies fall short of confirming the attribution.[3]

[1] The drawing was traditionally ascribed to Rembrandt, then to Lambert Doomer and subsequently (according to Hind, 1914) to Philips Koninck.
[2] Dresden, Kupferstich-Kabinett inv.C 1352 (Sumowski 2298xx).
[3] Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett, KdZ.15313 (Sumowski 2295).

LITERATURE (always as Ruijscher unless otherwise stated):
Bürger, 1858, p.402 (Rembrandt); Hind, 1914, p.19, repr. (formerly called Koninck but here attributed to Ruijscher; Huissen to the right); London, 1915, pp.93-4, no.1, repr. pl.LXII; Hirschmann, 1918, p.24 (attribution to Ruijscher not entirely convincing); Glück, 1925/26, p.24 (as Hirschmann, 1918); Van Dyke, 1927, p.142, repr. pl.XLVII, fig.185; Welcker, 1932, p.248, repr. fig.2; Welcker, 1933, pp.20-21 (on topography); Welcker, 1940, p.37, repr. fig.1 (comparing painting in Ghent, Musée des Beaux-Arts); Exh. Düsseldorf, 1953, no.81 (reproduction exhibited); Gorissen, 1964, no.2, repr. (topography); Dattenberg, 1967, p.280, no.310; Trautscholdt in Haverkamp-Begemann, 1973, p.114; Exh. Amsterdam, 1987, under no.65 (compares drawing in Rijksmuseum, inv.A2425 [Sumowski 2300xx]); Sumowski, 1979 etc., X, 1992, p.5222, no.2309xx, repr. (attribution not secure; inscriptions probably not by Ruijscher).

Associated places
Topographic representation of Arnhem (?) (all objects)

Acquisition date

Acquisition name
Bequeathed by Richard Payne Knight (as Rembrandt, corrected to Doomer) (biographical details | all objects)

Exhibition History
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle, not in catalogue

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