River landscape with a fisherman; two other figures standing to r, the tops of buildings visible above trees across the water, a fence in the foreground Watercolour, with strip conjoined


© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1893,0731.1

Bibliographic reference
Sumowski 1979 continuing 2397
Hind 1915-31 Add.3
Royalton-Kisch 2010 With.5

Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

paper (all objects)
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Drawn by Pieter de With (biographical details | all objects)
1650-1660 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)

Landscape with a castle by a tower; river with a fisherman and two other figures standing to right, the tops of buildings visible above trees across the water, a fence in the foreground. c.1650-60

Watercolour and bodycolour over black chalk.

Verso: laid down.

No watermark visible.

Inscription Content: Inscribed lower right, in black chalk (indistinct): ‘P. D. With’.

Height: 99 millimetres (chain lines vertical, 23mm apart)
Width: 194 millimetres

Slightly rubbed; a few scuffs and creases (especially just to left of inscription).

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Pieter de With, cat. no.5:
The signature seems entirely trustworthy, making this drawing an important link to other gouaches now attributed to De With. Two other signed drawings that have some degree of comparability in technique, with washes over black chalk, are in the Heijblock album in the Koninklijke Bibliotheek in The Hague.[1]
Given that the drawing was formerly attributed to Adam Elsheimer, it remains tempting to invoke the influence of his drawings in gouache, and of his landscapes as seen through Hendrick Goudt's engravings after him.[2] However, the use of watercolour was not unusual for artists in the circle of Rembrandt, as is clear from the examples in the British Museum by Van Borssom, Doomer, Van den Eeckhout, Flinck and Philips Koninck.[3]

[1] Sumowski nos.2398-9, repr.
[2] See Andrews, 1977. A selection is published with colour reproductions in Exh. Frankfurt-Edinburgh-London, 2006.
[3] See also Royalton-Kisch, 1991, for watercolours from Rembrandt's circle.

LITERATURE : Hind, 1926[I], p.42, no.364 (as Elsheimer; anticipates P. Koninck); Weizsäcker, 1936, I, p.263 (Elsheimer); Drost, 1957, p.124 (perhaps J. Koninck); Möhle, 1966, pp.158-9, no.60, repr. pl.38 (as Elsheimer, c.1607-10; similar to work in Frank collection, Mannheim); Waddingham, 1967, p.48 (dubious as Elsheimer; probably Dutch); Hohl, 1967 (De With); Van Gelder and Jost, 1967-8, p.35, repr. p.37, fig.10 (as signed by De With); Exh. Brussels-Rotterdam-Paris-Bern, 1968-9, p.181, under no.181 (De With); Hohl, 1972, p.86 (De With); Andrews, 1976, p.2 (De With); Andrews, 1977, p.167, no.A46 (De With); Andrews, 1979/81, p.24; Sumowski, 1979 etc., X, 1992, no.2397, repr . (De With; compares especially cat.no.1 [Hind 1; 1886,0619.17] and also a drawing from Rudolf collection, sold Sotheby's, London, 10 October, 1974, lot 284, and the P. Frank drawing [for which see Möhle, 1966, no.61, pl.39]); Sonnabend, 1997, p.358 (comparing drawing formerly in Schilling collection, Edgware, now in Frankfurt, Städelsches Kunstinstitut, inv.16748 [Möhle, 1966, no.56]); Exh. Frankfurt, 2000, p.182, under no.79 (as Sonnabend, 1997).

Acquisition date

Acquisition name
Purchased through Colnaghi (biographical details | all objects)
Purchased through Christie's (17/8.vii.1893/237) (biographical details | all objects)
Purchased from Heneage Finch, 5th Earl of Aylesford (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Earl of Aylesford; his sale, Christie's, 17-18 July, 1893, 2nd day, lot 237, bt Colnaghi's for British Museum (as by Elsheimer).

Exhibition History
Frankfurt, 1966-7, no.159, repr. fig.139 (as by Elsheimer);
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle (not in catalogue, as De With).

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