drawing

Four regents at a table, with a serving-woman; study for a group portrait of four men wearing hats, a woman behind at right bringing them a large loving cup, an arch and drapery in background.   Pen and brown ink with brown and grey wash over black chalk; framing lines in pen and brown ink.    Verso: blank.    No watermark.

AN463225001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1946,0713.947

Bibliographic reference
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Backer.4 (after)
Phillipps-Fenwick 1935 p.174(1)

Location:
Dutch Unmounted Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
After Jacob Backer (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1623-1651
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
Four regents at a table, with a serving-woman; study for a group portrait of four men wearing hats, a woman behind at right bringing them a large loving cup, an arch and drapery in background; after Jacob Backer
Pen and brown ink with brown and grey wash over black chalk; framing lines in pen and brown ink.
Verso: blank.
No watermark.

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Inscribed on recto, on mount, at top, in graphite : '1100/8'; and below: 'Bakker'; and lower left: ',4.4.0' and in blue crayon: '8.'.
Inscribed on verso of drawing, in lower left: in graphite 'B' and in scarlet chalk '1007'; an illegible inscription in top left.
Inscribed on verso of mount, in lower left: '947' in graphite and '1007' in scarlet chalk.


Dimensions
Height: 160 millimetres
Width: 157 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 28mm apart)


Condition
Good condition.

Curator's comments
Attribution on old mount to "Bakker".


Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, after Jacob Adriaensz. Backer, cat. no.4:

The traditional attribution to Backer himself cannot be sustained on the basis of his known drawings, although it seems generically dependent on his style. Nor can the composition be related to any of his surviving paintings of the regents of Dutch institutions. Yet the figure seated on the right is comparable in pose to his counterpart in the painting of the 'Regents of the Nieuwe Zijds Huiszittenhuis' now in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, painted in around 1650;[1] but the painting shows seven seated men with a servant, rather than four, and a direct connection between the two works therefore seems unlikely. The drawing may possibly be based on an otherwise unrecorded design by Backer, or be an independent work by a pupil or follower.[2] A copy of a comparable type, after the painting in Amsterdam, is in the Staatliche Graphische Sammlung, Munich.[3]

NOTES:
[1] Sumowski, 'Gemälde', I, no.76, repr.
[2] No related work is listed in the catalogue of Amsterdam group portraits published in Exh. Amsterdam, 1972.
[3] Munich, 1973, no.221, repr. pl.371.

LITERATURE :
Bauch, 1926, p.107, no.58 (notes the drawing in de Vos sale); Popham, 1935, p.174, no.1 (by Backer); Sumowski, I, 1979 etc., p.189, no.11 (as whereabouts unknown; links sheet catalogued by Popham, 1935, with de Vos provenance).


Acquisition date
1946

Acquisition name
Donated by Count Antoine Seilern (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Samuel Woodburn (Christie's, 12.vi.1860/1100 as 'Backer - Burgomasters seated at a table, bistre; Buytenweck - Studie) (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Sir Thomas Phillipps (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Thomas Fitzroy Fenwick (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
J. de Vos sale, Amsterdam, de Vries, Brondgeest, Engelberts and Roos, 30 October, 1833, Kunstboek CC, no.11; Samuel Woodburn sale, Christie's, 12 June, 1860, part of lot 1100, bt Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart.; T. Fitroy Fenwick; presented anonymously with the Phillipps-Fenwick collection, 1946.


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