drawing

The meeting of Jacob and Esau; Jacob at l foreground grasping his brother's hand and his l shoulder, their followers on lower ground behind with camels and cattle, a mountainous landscape and river beyond Pen and brown ink, with brown and grey wash, over black and red chalk

AN214138001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

  • Full: FrontFull: Front

Department: Prints & Drawings

Registration number: 1861,0810.15

Bibliographic reference
Sumowski 1979 continuing 1129x
Hind 1915-31 2
Royalton-Kisch 2010 Hoogstraten.4

Location:
Dutch Roy XVIIc

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Object types
drawing (scope note | all objects)

Materials
paper (all objects)
Techniques
drawn (scope note | all objects)
Production person
Formerly attributed to Gerbrand van den Eeckhout (biographical details | all objects)
Drawn by Samuel van Hoogstraten (biographical details | all objects)
Date
1650 (circa)
Schools /Styles
Dutch (scope note | all objects)


Description
The Reconciliation of Jacob and Esau; Jacob at left foreground grasping his brother's hand and his left shoulder, their followers on lower ground behind with camels and cattle, a mountainous landscape and river beyond. c.1650
Pen and brown ink with brown wash, with touches of black and red chalk; framing-lines (not at top) in pen and brown ink.
Verso: see Inscriptions.
Watermark: Paschal Lamb in crowned shield, similar to Heawood 2843 (c.1650).

Inscriptions
Inscription Content: Inscribed verso, in graphite, lower centre: ‘Goll & Hitzinga’; lower left: ‘/30’.


Dimensions
Height: 194 millimetres (arched top)
Width: 323 millimetres (chain lines horizontal, 26mm apart)


Condition
Generally good; an old vertical crease c.12mm from right; two unobtrusive fox-marks in the sky; slight loss from centre of right edge.

Curator's comments
Entry from Martin Royalton-Kisch, 'Catalogue of drawings by Rembrandt and his school', 2010, Samuel van Hoogstraten, cat. no.4:
The subject is from Genesis, chapter 33. In style the drawing is characteristic of van Hoogstraten's history compositions except for the contrast between the figures, which are executed in detail, and the landscape background (with its evocation of the town of Succoth[1]) and the camel in the centre, which are more loosely drawn.
This makes the drawing difficult to date. The watermark is of around 1650 (see above) and found on two other drawings in the collection executed at around this time (see School of Rembrandt, cat.no.107; 1933,1014.25, and Philips Koninck, cat. no.12; Oo,9.108). A comparable composition sketch, of 'Christ carrying the Cross', is now in the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York.[2]
The pose of the camel is similar to that of a separate study of the animal, but seen from behind, now in the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York.[3]

NOTES:
[1] As noted by Blanc, 2008, pp.145-6.
[2] Inv.I, 217; as pointed out by Sumowski (no.1131x, repr.), who suggested the date in the early 1650s for the present sheet.
[3] As noted in Exh. Paris-Antwerp-London-New York, 1979-80 (see Lit. below). The drawing, inv. I, 204b is also repr. Sumowski 1270x.

LITERATURE (always as Van Hoogstraten):
London, 1915, p.80, no.2, repr. pl.XLVI (not by Eeckhout, but Hoogstraten); Byam Shaw, 1929, p.11; Munich, 1973, I, p.77, under no.1212 (compares anonymous 'Landscape' in Munich [Sumowski 1899x as Maes]); Turin, 1974, p.47, under no.60 (Hoogstraten; compares 'Raising of Lazarus' in Turin, inv.16453); Exh. Paris-Antwerp-London-New York, 1979-80, p.139, under no.115 (see n.3 above); Sumowski, 1979 etc., V, 1981, no.1129x, repr. (early 1650s; compares 'Interior of a Synagogue', Haarlem, Teyler Museum, inv.P*60, Sumowski 1128x); Blanc, 2008, pp.145-6, repr. fig.68 (see note 1 above).


Subject
old testament (all objects)

Associated names
Representation of Jacob (biographical details | all objects)
Representation of Esau (biographical details | all objects)


Acquisition date
1861

Acquisition name
Purchased from Colnaghi (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection Johann Goll van Franckenstein (biographical details | all objects)
Previous owner/ex-collection John Heywood Hawkins (Sotheby's, 4.v.1850) (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Goll van Franckenstein;* J.H. Hawkins; purchased with a selection from the Hawkins collection from Messrs Colnaghi, Scott and Co., 1861. *According to London, 1915 (see Lit. under Comment) and the verso inscription.


Exhibition History
London, 1895, no.389 (Eeckhout);
1992, BM, Drawings by Rembrandt and his Circle (not in catalogue).


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