Roman Republican Coins in the British Museum

E Ghey, I Leins (eds) - descriptions and chronology after MH Crawford

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How to use this catalogue

The catalogue is arranged according to the ordering and chronology adopted in RRC (Crawford 1974).

Format of the catalogue entries

In the catalogue entries, moneyers and other issuers of coins (e.g. Julius Caesar) are given as an ‘authority’. Links are provided to brief biographical details and other related coins. Where the issuer is unknown, the authority is described as ‘issuer anonymous’. Other people named and / or depicted on the coins are listed as associated names (e.g. Janus, Pompey the Great). Where the mint is known it is named under production place (e.g. Rome). Other monuments and places depicted or mentioned on the coins are listed as associated places (e.g. Temple of Venus). The place where the coin was found or excavated is recorded as place (findspot) (e.g. Eriswell).

The inscription is described in its constituent separate parts in the inscription field. For example, the obverse and reverse inscriptions are recorded separately. Breaks in inscriptions are not normally shown, but the inscription position (e.g. in the field of the coin or in the exergue) is indicated. Denominational marks (e.g. X for denarius), control marks (letters, numerals and symbols) and countermarks are all separately listed. Where symbols have been used as control marks they are either transliterated (e.g. ‘shoe’) or a reference is given to drawn tables of control marks in RRC.

Bibliographic references are included for all coins. Where a coin is of the same type as a published example, it has the qualifier “type” (e.g. RR1 100 type, meaning of the same type as RR1 100). Where a coin is the actual coin illustrated or cited in the reference, ‘type’ is omitted and the coin is catalogued as RR1 100.

Abbreviations used in the bibliographic references
in the catalogue

BMC Greek (Italy): Poole, R.S. (ed.), A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Italy. London c. 1873
CHRB: Coin Hoards from Roman Britain, vols. I–XII
Haeb: Haeberlin, E.J., Aes Grave. Das Schwergeld Roms und Mittelitaliens: Frankfurt, 1910
HN Italy: Rutter, N.K., Historia Numorum: Italy, London, 2001
PCR:  Carson, R.A.G., Principal coins of the Romans: Volume I: The Republic c. 290–31 BC, London, 1978
RRC:  Crawford, M.H., Roman Republican Coinage, Cambridge, 1974
RR1: Grueber, H.A., Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum: vol. 1. Aes rude, aes signatum, aes grave, and coinage of Rome from BC 268. London, 1910, reprinted1970
RR2:  Grueber, H.A., Coins of the Roman Republic in the British Museum, vol. 2. Coinages of Rome (continued), Roman Campania, Italy, the Social War, and the Provinces. London, 1970
RPC1:  Burnett, A.M., Amandry, M., and Ripollès, P.P. (eds.), Roman Provincial Coinage. Vol. 1, From the Death of Caesar to the Death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). London, 1992


As there are over 12,600 objects in the catalogue, the guide to types section can be used to browse images of the different coin types and find links to others of a similar type.

It is also possible to search the catalogue.

Quick search
Use the search box at the top of the catalogue to search the descriptions of the coins. For example, typing ‘elephant’ will retrieve all coins with pictures of elephants. Clicking on the thumbnail of the returned results will give more details of that coin and a larger image.

Search by RRC number
A coin of a particular RRC type can be found by entering the RRC number into the quick search box followed by a dot and asterisk as in 508.* (to retrieve all coins of that RRC number).

To retrieve coins of an RRC subtype, enter the number in the format 508/3 for subtype 3 of RRC 508 (or 437/1a for type 1a; or 437/1* for types 1a and 1b together).

Search by moneyer
The coins of a particular moneyer can be found by entering the name of the moneyer (or abbreviated name as it appears on the coin) in the quick search box. This may also serve as an identification aid.

Advanced search
The coins in this catalogue may also be retrieved using advanced search options. Useful search options include:

  • People: search for moneyers, deities and other historical figures (e.g. Julius Caesar, Janus)
  • Places: search for findspots, mint locations and monuments (e.g. Spain, Basilica Aemilia)

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