Paper money of England and Wales

Edited by Catherine Eagleton and Artemis Manolopoulou

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The British Museum collection, Virginia Hewitt

Phillips, M., 1894, A History of Banks, Bankers, & Banking in Northumberland, Durham, and North Yorkshire Illustrating the Commercial Development of the North of England, from 1755 to 1894, with Numerous Portraits, Facsimiles of Notes, Signatures, Documents, &c, London.

An introduction to English banking history, Roger Outing

Clapham, J.H., 1944, The Bank of England – A History, 2 vols, Cambridge.

Crick, W.F. and Wadsworth, J.E., 1936, A Hundred Years of Joint Stock Banking, London.

Gregory, T.E., 1936, The Westminster Bank Through a Century, London.

Mathews, P.W. and Tuke, A.W., 1926, A History of Barclays Bank Ltd, London.

Outing, R., 2010, The Standard Catalogue of English Provincial Banknotes.

Richards, R.D., 1929, The Early History of Banking in England, London.

Sayers, R.S., 1957, Lloyds Bank in the History of English Banking, London.

Thomas, S.E., (1934), The Rise and Growth of Joint Stock Banking, London.

English country banknotes an introduction, Virginia Hewitt

Anderson, B.L. and Cottrell, P.L., 1974, Money and Banking in England, the Development of the Banking System 1694–1914, Newton Abbott.

Bidwell, W.H., 1900, Annals of an East Anglian Bank, Norwich.

Hewitt, V.H., 1988, ‘Beware of imitations: the campaign for a new Bank of England note, 1791–1821’, Numismatic Chronicle, 158, 197–222.

Hewitt, V.H. and Keyworth, J.M., 1987, As Good as Gold. 300 Years of British Bank Note Design, London.

Leighton-Boyce, J.A.S.L., 1958, Smiths the Bankers, London.

Pressnell, L.S., 1956, Country Banking in the Industrial Revolution, Oxford.

Royal Bank of Scotland, 2010, Samuel Smith & Co, Nottingham, 1650s–1902, online (accessed 26 February 2019).

The Industrial Revolution, Artemis Manolopoulou

Ashton, T.S., 1968, The Industrial Revolution 1760–1830, Oxford.

Hartwell, R.R., 1971, The Industrial Revolution and Economic Growth, London.

Horn, P., 1980, The Rural World 1780–1850: Social Change in the English Countryside, London.

Hudson, P., (ed.), 1989, Regions and Industries: A Perspective on the Industrial Revolution in Britain, Cambridge.

Mingay, G.E., 1987, The Making of Britain: The Transformation of Britain 1830–1939, London.

O’Brien, P. and Quinault R., (eds), 1993, The Industrial Revolution and British Society, Cambridge.

Sir William Congreve and compound-plate printing, Ben Russell

Bathe G. and D., 1943, Jacob Perkins: His Inventions, his Times, & his Contemporaries, Pennsylvania.

Bryan Donkin Co. Ltd, 1953, A Brief Account of Bryan Donkin FRS and of the Company He Founded 150 Years Ago, Chesterfield.

Congreve, W., [1820a], Patent No. 4521, ‘Printing in one, two or more colours’, 22 December, London.

Congreve, W., [1820b], An Analysis of the True Principles of Security against Forgery; Exemplified by an Enquiry into the Sufficiency of the American Plan for a New Bank Note; with Imitations of Four of the Most Difficult Specimens of those Bank Notes, Made by Ordinary Means, London.

Donkin, B., [1818], Patent No. 4202, ‘Printing-press, for printing from types, plates, or blocks’, 17 January, London.

Donkin, H.J., 1912, Bryan Donkin & Co. Some Notes on the History of an Engineering Firm During the Last Century, 1803–1903, Chesterfield.

Eibl-Kaye, G., 2004, ‘Compound-plate printing: a gem in the RPSL [Royal Philatelic Society] Museum’, London Philatelist, 113, 327–31.

Ferguson, E., (ed.), 1965, Early Engineering Reminiscences (1815–1840) of George Escol Sellers, Washington.

Greenland, M., 1989, ‘The Donkin Lathe’, Bulletin of the Society of Ornamental Turners, 17 (81), 27–9.

Greenland, M., 1995, ‘Compound-plate printing and the nineteenth-century banknote’, in V. Hewitt, (ed.), The Banker’s Art: Studies in Paper Money, London, 84–7.

Greenland, M., 1997, ‘Compound plate printing: security with style’, Bulletin of the Printing Historical Society 43, 6–10.

Henshaw, D.M., 1934–5, ‘Donkin Pantagraph engraving machine, with rose engine’, Transactions of the Newcomen Society 15, 77–83.

Hewitt, V.H. and Keyworth, J.M., 1987, As Good as Gold, London.

Holtzapffel, J.J., 1884, Turning and Mechanical Manipulation: Intended as a Work of General Reference and Practical Instruction on the Lathe, and the Various Mechanical Pursuits followed by Amateurs. Vol. 5, The Principles & Practice of Ornamental or Complex Turning, London.

Mackenzie, A.D., 1953, The Bank of England Note: A History of its Printing, Cambridge.

Matthews, M., 1984, Engine Turning 1680–1980: The Tools and Technique, Sevenoaks.

Perkins, J., 1819, Patent No. 4400, ‘Engine Lathe for Engraving Surfaces, Printing and Coining Presses, &c’, 11 October, London.

Perkins, J., 1822a, letter to Haynes, Day & Co., 23 May, in Royal Philatelic Society Letter book 1822–43.

Perkins, J., 1822b, letter to Peckover, Harris & Co., 15 June, in Royal Philatelic Society Letter book 1822–43.

Perkins, J., 1822c, letter to Gibbon & Eaton, 1 June, in Royal Philatelic Society Letter book 1822–43.

Robertson, F., 2005, ‘The aesthetics of authenticity: printed banknotes as industrial currency’, Technology and Culture 46, 31–50.

Royal Society of Arts, 1819, Report of the Committee of the Society of Arts, &c., Together with the Approved Communications and Evidence upon the Same, Relative to the Mode of Preventing the Forgery of Bank Notes, London.

Stearn, R.T., 2004, ‘Sir William Congreve’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford, vol. 12, 940–3.

Twyman, M., 1989, The British Library Guide to Printing, London.

Security printers to the provincial banks:
Perkins Company and the Production of Banknotes in 19th-Century Britain, Philippa Hubbard 

Hewitt, V., 1985, The Banker’s Art: Studies in Paper Money, London.

Hewitt, V., (n.d.), ‘“Secure and Beautiful”: The banknote designs of Perkins and Heath’, typescript draft of article that later appeared in Bond and Banknote News, consulted in the Department of Coins and Medals, The British Museum.

Royal Society of Arts, 1819, Report of the Committee of the Society of Arts, &c., Together with the Approved Communications and Evidence upon the Same, Relative to the Mode of Preventing the Forgery of Bank Notes, London.

Samuel, M., 1982, ‘Security printing by Jacob Perkins before 1840’, The London Philatelist, 91, 1071–4.