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Site C (Phase II) – continued 9 April 1895 as the 'Temple Site'

The team returned to Area C towards the end of the season and resumed operations near the site of Tomb 18, where the head of a terracotta female figurine had previously been unearthed. Traces of a building came to light, in which were found an inscription to Demeter and Kore in alphabetic Greek and Cypriot syllabic script (GR 1896,2-1,215) as well as many terracotta figurines and fragments of stone statues (many not kept or no longer identifiable as coming form this source).

A fine marble head from a female statue (illustrated here), described as a 'Cnidian-style' statue of Aphrodite by the excavators, represents a portrait of a votary, priestess or a goddess dating to the 3rd or 2nd century BC (GR 1972,0118.1). This is a rare example of marble sculpture from early Hellenistic Cyprus. A silver pin (GR 1896,2-1.216), 24 Roman coins (not kept), and a ‘late Greek inscription’ (also not kept) were also found.

According to the Notebook, the figurines included seven hydrophoroi (water bearers), 13 male heads with headdresses, a large head of priest in Cypriot style, 11 horses and six fragments of chariots. Presumably a third-share was assigned to the Cyprus Museum, but others allocated to the British Museum were not kept. Some may have been among the group of objects given to Eton College, which included numerous terracottas, including at least three horses of Cypro-Archaic date (see Kourion in the United Kingdom and Ireland). The date range of the pieces preserved in the British Museum is narrower, CC to late Hellenistic, though the coins suggest the site was visited well into the Roman period. These may represent a different use of the site, however, perhaps for burial or related to the nearby hippodrome.

Items from the sanctuary at the 'Temple Site' are numbered C.1 to C.7 in this Catalogue.

Description of Site C

Description of Site C continued

Uncertain tombs

A number of items excavated by the Turner Bequest expedition cannot be associated with numbered tombs. While those of LBA date can fairly confidently be assigned to Site D (Bamboula), the remainder of CA to Roman date could have been found in a number of cemeteries in the Kourion area excavated by Walters (Sites B, C or E in particular). A gold earring (GR 1896,2-1.269, apparently similar in type to GR 1896,2-1.268) together with a vase of 'red ware' (GR 1896,2-1.269) iwithout tomb numbers are no longer identifiable in the collection.

Items from uncertain tombs are numbered U.1 to U.17 in this Catalogue.

Guide to the tombs

Introductions to the sites