Using this catalogue


The emissions of Odovacar are arranged according to the ordering and chronology adopted by the work of Kent (RIC X); the typology of the coins refers to his numbering (e.g. RIC10 3205). When some variants became evident during the recording, Kent’s classification was maintained with the addition of the abbreviation var.

The emissions of the Ostrogoths are presented according to the ordering and chronology adopted by the work of Metlich (2004); the typology of the coins refers to his numbering (e.g. Metlich 86). When some variants became evident during the cataloguing, Metlich’s classification was maintained with the addition of the abbreviation var. (e.g. Metlich 40b var. 1, Metlich 40b var. 2, etc.). Some specimens not included in Metlich’s work are indicated as ‘Metlich –’. Where applicable, a cross reference to Arslan’s work (1989) is indicated in brackets.

Bibliographic references are given in the entries for each coin, including those conferred by Wroth in 1911. A full bibliography for this online catalogue has also been supplied. The texts referred to in this work are listed below:

Arslan, E.A. 2004. ‘Dalla classicità al medioevo. La moneta degli Ostrogoti’, in Quaderni Ticinesi, Numismatica e antichità classiche, XXXIII, 429–62.

BZ3 = Wroth, W. 1991. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths and Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea and Trebizond in the British Museum, London.

Grierson-Mays 1992 = Grierson, P. and Mays, M. 1992. Catalogue of the Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, from Arcadius and Honorius to the Accession of Anastasius , Washington D.C.

MEC 1 = Grierson, P. and Blackburn, M. 1986. Medieval European Coinage: With a Catalogue of the Coins in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.

Metlich, M.A. 2004. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy, London.

MIB I = Hahn, W. 1973. Moneta Imperii Byzantini I. Rekonstruktion des Prägenaufbaues auf synoptisch-tabellarischer Grundlage. Österreichische Akademie des Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-historische Klasse, Denkschriften, 109; Veröffentlichungen der Numismatischen Kmmission 1, Vienna.

MIBE 1 = Hahn, W. and Metlich, M.A. 2000. Money of the Incipient Byzantine Empire: Anastasius 1.–Justinian 1., 491–565, Vienna.

Ranieri, E. 2006. La monetazione di Ravenna antica, dal V all'VIII secolo, Bologna.

RIC X = Kent, J.P.C. 1994. Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. 10. The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts AD 395–491, London.

Format of the catalogue entries

This catalogue follows the main arrangement within the cabinet trays in the Department of Coins and Medals by issuing authority in chronological order, followed by issuing mint and the alloy of the coin: gold, silver and copper alloys. Within each alloy, the issues are further subdivided by denomination in decreasing order of value: for gold: solidus, semissis and tremissis; for silver: siliqua, ½ siliqua, ¼ siliqua and 1/8 siliqua; for copper alloy emissions: 40 nummi, 20 nummi, 10 nummi, 5 nummi, 2½ nummi and 1 nummus.

The following information is given for each entry:

Denomination: for silver and copper alloy emissions the name of the full denomination is entered, followed if necessary by its fraction or multiple, e.g. siliqua, ½ or nummus, 40.

Materials: expressed as gold, silver or copper alloy; the latter is preferred as a wider term than the alloy actually called ‘bronze’.

Production place: when legible or known – if uncertain, all possible options are supplied with a question mark.

Authority: Ostrogothic emissions, mainly gold, were minted maintaining the authority of the Byzantine emperor. Therefore the ruling authority is considered to be the Byzantine emperor and stated throughout; the issuing authority is the Ostrogothic king, as indicated. If there is uncertainty surrounding the issuing authority, all the possible kings are listed, followed by a question mark.

Description: this describes the images shown both on the obverse and reverse of the coins. Mint marks and legends are inserted in the Inscription field.

Exergue: a space on a coin, token or medal below the central part of the design, usually on the reverse.

Inscription: this field contains the legends shown on the obverse, reverse and also any mint marks that appear in the ‘reverse field and exergue’. Breaks visible on the legends are not indicated and each word is separated: for example PFAVC becomes P F AVC (Pius Felix Augustus). Monograms present at the end of the reverse legends are added after the inscription with the letters that compose the monogram itself. For the mint marks that are mainly present on the reverse field, the layout is generally shown as follows:

M D/*–//COMOB = M D in the left and right fields, star below in the left field, COMOB in exergue.

Standard square brackets are used in the case of letters that are missing but known [AVC]; round brackets are instead used for examples where the letters are barely legible but it is still possible to detect the letters that were originally present, i.e.: P F (AV)C.

Dimensions: weights are expressed in grams; the die axis is expressed by the hours of a clock face (i.e. 180° = 6 o’clock).

Subject and associated names: these are fields in which all the names that are part of the legend/image of the coin are inserted, enabling a search by subject or name.

Acquisition date and acquisition name: these fields provide information on the history of the coin, with the name of the seller, donor or bequeather. If known, the provenance of the coin and the date on which it was entered into the museum records are also given.

Curator’s comment: provides any other information that is known or observable from the coin.