Naukratis: Greeks in Egypt

Alexandra Villing, Marianne Bergeron, Giorgos Bourogiannis, Alan Johnston, François Leclère, Aurélia Masson and Ross Thomas

With Daniel von Recklinghausen, Jeffrey Spencer, Valerie Smallwood, Virginia Webb and Susan Woodford

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Supported by

The Leverhulme Trust
  • The Shelby White - Leon Levy Program for Archaeological Publications
  • Christian Levett and the Mougins Museum of Classical Art
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Bronze votive offerings


Aurélia Masson

Bronzes of Pharaonic style represent an assorted group of Egyptian finds from Naukratis, more numerous than previously thought. They comprise votive boxes surmounted by reptiles, figures of Egyptian gods, figure fittings for larger statues and models of cult equipment, chiefly belonging to types well attested across the Delta and the Memphite region. As offerings to the gods, such objects were usually deposited in Egyptian animal necropoleis, temples or shrines. New insight into the dating and contexts of discovery of Egyptian bronze finds reveal the existence of purely Egyptian cult practices and beliefs at Naukratis from the Late Period onwards, an aspect otherwise little acknowledged and studied in the scholarship on Naukratis.

Staff finial in the form of a ram's head wearing sun-disk with uraeus and stylized incised collar. From Naukratis, Petrie and Gardner’s season, 1885–6. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, AN1888.171. Photograph © Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. Photography by British Museum staff