Collection online

medal

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1866,0920.1

  • Description

    Bronze medal.(obverse) Bust of John Kendal, right, in armour; on his breast the cross of the Knights of St. John, head bare, hair straight and long.
    (reverse) Arms of Kendal; fretty on a chief three escallops, with another chief of the Order of St. John. Cross patée.

  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 1480
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 57 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        obverse
      • Inscription Content

        IO . KENDAL . RHODI . TVRCVPELLERIVS.
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        reverse
      • Inscription Content

        TEMPORE . OBSIDIONIS . TVRCHORVM . MCCCCLXXX.
      • Inscription Translation

        At the time of the siege [of Rhodes] by the Turks, 1480.
  • Curator's comments

    Medallic Illustrations 1, published in 1885, states:
    Very rare.
    This medal is cast, of good but rather rude Italian work. There are two specimens of it in the British Museum; one of these was found on Knaresborough forest (Thoresby's Leeds, 1816, Ap. 131), and deposited in the collection of Mr. Thoresby, at whose sale it was purchased for the Duke of Devonshire for £3. 3s. At the dispersion of this collection in 1844 this specimen was not included. It has since, however, been presented to the British Museum. Of Kendal little is known. In Willis's ‘Mitred Abbeys’ (1718, Vol. I. 132) he appears, in 1491 and 1501, as Prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, in London. He was Lieutenant of the Grand Master in Italy, England, Flanders, and Ireland, and was amply furnished with indulgences and pardons for all who would assist the Order. He was occupied in recruiting at the time of the celebrated siege of Rhodes in 1480, for in that year Edward IV ordered all persons in authority in Ireland to aid Kendal in procuring men and money to assist the Knights in resisting the Turk. The indulgence granted by Sixtus IV in 1480, in which Kendal is mentioned, was printed by Caxton, and a specimen is preserved in the British Museum. His arms, together with those of England, still decorate the walls of the ancient house of the Prior of England at Rhodes. (See Rottiers, ‘Monumens de Rhodes’, Pl. xlviii. liii.) The Turcopolier was Colonel-General of Infantry, and this office was annexed to that of Grand Bailiff of England.

    See Pinkerton, J., ‘The Medallic History of England to the Revolution’, London, 1790 (fol.), iii. 5; Perry, Francis, ‘A Series of English Medals’, London, 1762, Supp. ii. 1.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • Medallic Illustrations 1 p17.3 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Associated names

  • Associated events

    • Commemoration of: Recruitment of men by Kendal to assist Knights of St John of Jerusalem in resisting the Turk
  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1866

  • Department

    Coins & Medals

  • Registration number

    1866,0920.1

  • C&M Catalogue number

    • MB1p17.3

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Object reference number: CME649

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