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Rokudo-e (Six Realms of Birth) / Tokatsu jigoku 等活地獄 (Hell of Revival)

  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Title (object)

    • Tokatsu jigoku 等活地獄 (Hell of Revival)

    Title (series)

    • Rokudo-e (Six Realms of Birth)
  • Description

    Painting, hanging scroll. Scene of Hell focusing on the torture of repeated rebirth (revival). Ink and colour on paper. Inscribed.

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 13thC (original)
    • 1800-1880
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 152.5 centimetres
    • Width: 67.3 centimetres
    • Height: 193 centimetres (mount)
    • Width: 70 centimetres (mount)
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

        image, top right, in cartouche
      • Inscription Language

  • Curator's comments

    In set with 1881,1210,0.68 In set with 1881,1210,0.70 In set with 1881,1210,0.71 In set with 1881,1210,0.72 In set with 1881,1210,0.73 In set with 1881,1210,0.74 In set with 1881,1210,0.75 In set with 1881,1210,0.76 In set with 1881,1210,0.77Zwalf 1985

    Belief in the horrors and sufferings of rebirth in the six worlds characterised Pure Land teachings of the Kamakura period. This scene in hell is copied from one of fifteen vivid paintings in the Shoju Raigōji temple, which include scenes of infernal torments and a judgement before Yama (Emma-Ō), god of the dead, in the presence of the Pure Land saviour Kṣitigarbha.


  • Bibliography

    • Zwalf 1985 381 bibliographic details
    • Hizo Nihon bijutsu taikan Vol 1 BW 8 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history

    2000 24 Mar-26 Jun, London, BM, Japanese Galleries, 'Japan Time'
    2007 13 Jun-7 Oct, London, BM, Japanese Galleries, 'Japan from Prehistory to the Present'
    2016 Oct – 2017 Apr, London, BM Japanese Galleries, 'Japan from Prehistory to the Present'

  • Subjects

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    The collection of over 2,000 Japanese and Chinese paintings assembled by Prof. William Anderson during his residency in Japan, 1873-1880, was acquired by the Museum in 1881. The items were not listed in the register, but rather were published separately as the 'Descriptive and Historical Catalogue of a Collection of Japanese and Chinese Paintings in the British Museum' (Longmans & Co, 1886).

  • Department


  • Registration number


  • Additional IDs

    • Jap.Ptg.3 (Japanese Painting Number)
COMPASS Title: The Six Realms of Birth, 10 hanging scroll paintings


COMPASS Title: The Six Realms of Birth, 10 hanging scroll paintings

Image description



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Object reference number: JCF153

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