Collection online

print

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1845,0825.474

  • Description

    Saturn; the deity in the sky identified by an inscription: 'SATVRNO' riding a chariot drawn by a two-headed dragon; the wheels of the chariot with signs of the zodiac inscribed: 'CAPICORNIO' and 'AQVARIO'; below the various occupations of country life (e.g. the slaughtering of pigs, ploughing, threshing and cutting wood), with monks by a monastery and in the left foreground a prison with a man in the stocks. c.1464. Engraving

    More 

  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1464 (circa)
  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 323 millimetres
    • Width: 217 millimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Content

        Below there are eleven lines of text explaining the quality of the planet and its influence on mankind: 'SATVRNO E PIANETA MASCVLINO POSTO NESETTIMO CIELO FREDDO ESECHO MA ACCIDENTALMENTE VMIDO [...] VA DVA MINVTI INVNORA E 5 SECONDI E POI RITORNA ASVO PRINCIPIO'.
  • Curator's comments

    This is the first in the series of seven (almost certainly originally eight) prints of the so-called 'original' Planets, a set of engravings dating from around 1464. The impressions are certainly Florentine and are generally now thought to be the work of Baccio Baldini or his studio. The dating of these works is known because the original set must predate the cruder and smaller size copies, which can be fixed to the year 1465; indeed, the BM group of copies has a calendar frontispiece that reports the dates for the Easter from 1465 to 1517. Hind suggests that from the dimensions of the plates the series were engraved on four copper plates, each with a subject on one side. He suggests that the pairs were as follows: 1 and 5 (or 3); 2 and 6; 4 and 7; 3 (or 5) and 8 (the presumed calendar). The format of these prints is uniform, with a representation of the planet in the sky above a scene with figures engaged in activities supposedly influenced by that constellation: in the present case labourers in the field by Saturn. The 'original' set Planets occur in two states, the second reworked in more open cross-hatching. A complete set of the second state is in the Bibliotheque National, Paris (see G. Lambert, ‘Les Premières Gravures Italiennes quattrocento-début de cinquecento, Inventaire de la collection du department des Estampes et de la Photographie’, Paris, 1999, nos. 129-37). The BM has two examples of the second state (Mars and Sun; Hind A.III.3 and 4) which can be compared to the first state, showing how heavy shading has been added in the place of the delicate - and presumably worn out- feathery hatching in the orginal plate. As regards the first state, aside from the BM, complete sets are found in the Museo Civico, Pavia - from which the measurements in Hind's catalogue are taken (the BM examples are in certain cases trimmed) - and in the Rothschild collection in the Louvre, Paris. For a new entry for the entire set see Mark J. Zucker, 'The Illustrated Bartsch', vol. 24, part 1, 1993, pp. 94-102).

    This print was issued as a black and white facsimile by the British Museum in 'Reproductions of Prints in the British Museum', New [Second] Series Part I (Early Italian Prints), Published by the Trustees in 1886, where it was number I and described there as 'Florentine School, XV. Century. The Planet Saturn.'; (Shelfmark 245*.b.15).

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • TIB 24.2403.001 bibliographic details
    • Hind 1938-48 A.III.1a.I bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display (Italian XVc Mounted Roy)

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1845

  • Department

    Prints & Drawings

  • Registration number

    1845,0825.474

Saturn; the deity in the sky identified by an inscription "SATURNO" riding a chariot drawn by a dragon; the wheels of the chariot with signs of the zodiac inscribed "CAPICORNIO" and "AQUARIO"; below the various occupations of common people of country life (eg. the elimination of four wild boars, the charity, the ploughing, the executions); eleven lines of text below explaining the quality of the planet and its influence on mankind: "SATURNO E PIANETA MASCULINO POSTO NESETTIMO CIELO FREDDO ESECHO MA ACCIDENTALMENTE UMIDO [...] VA DUA MINUTI INUNORA E 5 SECONDI E POI RITORNA ASUO PRINCIPIO".  c1460  Engraving

Saturn; the deity in the sky identified by an inscription "SATURNO" riding a chariot drawn by a dragon; the wheels of the chariot with signs of the zodiac inscribed "CAPICORNIO" and "AQUARIO"; below the various occupations of common people of country life (eg. the elimination of four wild boars, the charity, the ploughing, the executions); eleven lines of text below explaining the quality of the planet and its influence on mankind: "SATURNO E PIANETA MASCULINO POSTO NESETTIMO CIELO FREDDO ESECHO MA ACCIDENTALMENTE UMIDO [...] VA DUA MINUTI INUNORA E 5 SECONDI E POI RITORNA ASUO PRINCIPIO". c1460 Engraving

Image description

Recommend


Feedback

If you’ve noticed a mistake or have any further information about this object, please email: collectiondatabase@britishmuseum.org 

View open data for this object with SPARQL endpoint

Object reference number: PPA40691

British Museum collection data is also available in the W3C open data standard, RDF, allowing it to join and relate to a growing body of linked data published by organisations around the world.

View this object

Support the Museum:
donate online

The Museum makes its collection database available to be used by scholars around the world. Donations will help support curatorial, documentation and digitisation projects.

About the database

The British Museum collection database is a work in progress. New records, updates and images are added every week.

More about the database 

Supporters

Work on this database is supported by a range of sponsors, donors and volunteers.

More about supporters and how you
can help  

Loading...