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cylinder seal

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    89119

  • Description

    Greenstone facies cylinder seal; battle of the gods; scene consisting of four gods, all bearded, all naked apart from a belt (except for second god who wears none) and all wearing multiple-horned head-dresses. They are arranged in two pairs. The first god seizes hold of his victim's head-dress, threatens him with a mace and places his foot on his knee in a gesture of truimph. The victim-god is kneeling on one knee with his right hand raised; his left arm and the right hand row of horns on his head-dress have been erased to make room for the inscription. The top of the head-dress of the second victim-god, part of his right arm and his whole right hand have been erased for the same purpose. The latter is being attacking by the fourth god who grasps him by the beard and tilts his head back while threatening him with a mace. Terminal, the original inscription, traces of which can still be seen, has been erased, together with part of the two victim-gods (see above). The centre-line dividing the two parts of the inscription connects the shoulder of one with the arm of the other and ends in a diminutive hand; slightly concave; chipped along the bottom.

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  • Authority

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 2400BC-2200BC
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 2.7 centimetres
    • Diameter: 1.7 centimetres (maximum?)
    • Diameter: 1.65 centimetres (minimum?)
    • Height: 1 inches
    • Diameter: 0.6875 inches
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Transliteration

        e-bir -mu-bi / da-num me-du ir -zu.
      • Inscription Translation

        Epir-mupi (or Epir-muppi), the strong one; Medu is your servant.
  • Bibliography

    • Boehmer R M 1965a bibliographic details
    • Collon 1982a 135 bibliographic details
    • Leichty E et al 1988a p.300 bibliographic details
    • Collon 1982a pl.XIX bibliographic details
    • Frayne, RIME 2 RIM.E.2.16.2.2002 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:

    1997 29 May-28 Oct, Germany, Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum, Das Siegel Im Alten Vorderasien

  • Condition

    Fair; chipped along the bottom.

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1891

  • Acquisition notes

    This collection was acquired by the museum as a result of Budge's fourth mission to Egypt and Mesopotamia in 1890-91. The mission was primarily intended to excavate at Der (Tell ed-Der) and neighbouring sites, including Sippar. A brief account was given in the Trustees minutes. There are more details of his precise movements during this mission in pp.xix-xxiv of the Leichty catalogue index. According to p.xxiv of the Leighty catalogue index "Assyriologists have been content with proposition that the bulk of this collection came from Sippar or it's vicinity" and "there seems to be no compelling reason why any of these should be given a Der provenance".

  • Department

    Middle East

  • BM/Big number

    89119

  • Registration number

    1891,0509.2560

Greenstone facies cylinder seal; battle of the gods; scene consisting of four gods, all bearded, all naked apart from a belt (except for second god who wears none) and all wearing multiple-horned head-dresses. They are arranged in two pairs. The first god

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