Collection online


  • Object type

  • Museum number


  • Description

    Fan-shaped Jardinière (vase hollandais), one of a pair; soft-paste porcelain; in two parts; upper fan-shaped panel moulded with four curved panels alternating with a flat tapering panel; vase waisted at the base before swelling out to form a ledge, below which is the oval base, pierced with eight small circular holes; this fits into the lower shaped stand, the upper surface of which is pierced with four holes of rococo outline; the projecting foot echoes the base of the upper part; decorated with four panels of painted flowers on a white ground below scrolls in blue enclosed by delicate gilt leaf trails; between each panel a flower in a medallion; on the front of each a blue and gold mosaic pattern; lower part painted with flower sprays on a white ground; diaper and dot pattern painted in blue; each panel outlined in gold and blue, rim and foot gilt; maker's mark.


  • Producer name

  • School/style

  • Date

    • 1761
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 17.7 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        maker's mark
      • Inscription Position

        unglazed base of upper part
      • Inscription Comment

        Interlaced 'LL' enclosing date-letter 'I' for 1761 above painter's mark 'X' for Philippe Xhrouet; remains of mark only.
      • Inscription Type

      • Inscription Position

        bases of upper and lower parts
      • Inscription Content

      • Inscription Comment

      • Inscription Type

        maker's mark
      • Inscription Position

        unglazed base
      • Inscription Comment

        Interlaced 'LL' enclosing date-letter 'I' for 1761 with circular suspension hole.
  • Curator's comments

    Pair with 1948,1203.26Dawson 1994
    The form, introduced in three sizes, of which this is the third or smallest, is fully discussed by Savill. Production of the third size was apparently delayed until 1758, and examples cost between 60 livres when painted with flowers, and 240 livres with a blue 0r turquoise blue ground. This pair has not been traced in the sales records.(1)
    This type of decoration, called 'mosaique' in the factory records, is particularly associated with a service presented to the Elector Palatine in 1760 by Louis XV, and now in the Residenzmuseum, Munich.(2) The pattern was in production at the Vincennes factory(3) at least as early as 1752 and is based on a Meissen pattern known as ‘Altbrandenstein Muster’ first introduced in 1738.
    In the collection of the Viscountess Harcourt was a garniture of a ‘vase hollandais’ and two ‘vases hollandais nouveaux’ of 1760 in which the mosaic pattern was combined with decoration on the upper part of panels of birds in trees on a white ground, said to have been painted by Tandart.(4) A ‘cuvette Courteille’ of 1761, formerly in the Christner Collection, is painted with a mosaic pattern and fruit in the panels.(5) No ‘vase hollandais nouveau’ with decoration similar to the Museum vases has yet been traced. In view of the painted marks on the examples in the Musée des arts décoratifs, Paris, which include a tiny ‘p’ enclosed by interlaced ‘LL’, dating them to 1768, it seems unlikely that the four ‘vases hollandais’ belonged together.
    The incised mark ‘en’, which is often found on this shape, is thought to stand for the repairer Cejourné.(6) He is listed in the records for 1760 at a yearly salary of 540 livres with the note “mérite augmentation” scored out and “ne doit pas être diminué” substituted.(7) The painter Secroix (also written as Xhrouet)(8) was one of the most highly paid in 1760 at a yearly salary of 960 livres.(9)

    (1) Savill, Rosalind, ‘The Wallace Collection, Catalogue of Sèvres Porcelain, London’, London, 1988, I, pp. 69-72; the shape was apparently in production in a variant at Meissen in the second half of the nineteenth century on the evidence of a pair of vases sold at Sotheby's, 13 November 1990, Lot 96.
    (2) Verlet, 1954, pl. 41, p. 207.
    (3) Préaud, Tamara and d’Albis, Antoine, ‘La porcelaine de Vincennes’, Paris, 1991, pp. 70-1, no. 7.
    (4) Christie's, 22 June 1927, Lot 30.
    (5) Christie's, 9 June 1979, Vol. III, Lot 212.
    (6) First suggested by Eriksen, Svend, ‘Sèvres Porcelain, the James A. de Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor’, Fribourg, 1968, p. 320. See Savill, 1988, III, p. 1096 for various examples and a discussion.
    (7) MNS, Archives de Sèvres, D1, ‘liasse’ 1. The records for 1761 are missing.
    (8) See Savill, 1988, III, pp. 1077-8 for a biography.
    (9) MNS, Archives de Sèvres, D1, ‘liasse’ 1.

    Comparable Examples:
    1) Paris, Musée des arts décoratifs, inv.28 591, pair, presented by Miss Blake Gould, 1933.
    2) Christie's, 4 March 1908, Lot 85, C.J. Dickens Collection (oval medallion on front panels), sold to Hodgkins for 1050 guineas.


  • Bibliography

    • Dawson 1994 105 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Condition

    Small chips to rims of upper parts.

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date


  • Acquisition notes

    Formerly among the Foley Heirlooms, exhibited by Mallet & Son, Exhibition of Art Treasures, 1928, Grafton Galleries, London, cat.336 and exh. Christie's 1932, cat.848 [Not identified in cat. of sale at Ruxley Lodge, Claygate, Surrey, by order of the Rt. Hon. Gerald Henry Baron Foley, 14 October 1919].

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number



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