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seal

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1841,0624.1

  • Description

    Circular silver seal-matrix with a ridge at the back, of semi-circular section, pointed at the bottom end, at the upper edge in a loop with a collar of beaded work immediately below it. An armed knight with a sword in his right hand is shown on horseback with coif, hauberk, chausées of mail, surcoat and a flat-topped helmet with the visor down. Guarding his breast is a shield of arms, a fess between two chevrons (Fitzwalter). The horse is also caparisoned with these arms and wearing a diapered head cloth. In front of the horse is another shield of arms, seven mascles (De Quincy). Below, a dragon regardant with floriated tail. Legend, within pearled borders.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1213-1219 (?)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 73.5 millimetres
    • Height: 83 millimetres
    • Thickness: 5 millimetres
    • Depth: 17 millimetres (at loop)
    • Weight: 227 grammes
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        obverse
      • Inscription Language

        Latin
      • Inscription Content

        +SIGILLVM: ROBERTI: FILII: WALTERI:
      • Inscription Translation

        Seal of Robert Fitz Walter.
  • Curator's comments

    Text from 'Good Impressions: Image and Authority in Medieval Seals', ed. Adams, Cherry and Robinson. British Museum 2008. Handlist no. 8.1.
    Seal of Robert Fitzwalter
    Robert Fitzwalter, shown fighting a dragon, was one of the barons who made King John attach his seal to Magna Carta. The shield of arms placed close to his horse belonged to his allies, the de Quincy family.Text from 'Catalogue of British Seal-Dies in the British Museum', A.B. Tonnochy, London 1952, cat. no. 332.
    Found in the reign of Charles II at Stamford, Lincolnshire.
    B.M. 'Cat. of Seals', no. 6016; 'Archaeologia', v. p.211.
    The seal of Robert Fitzwalter, son of Walter Fitzrobert (d.1198). Walter was son and heir of Robert Fitzrichard (d.1134 or 1136), Robert being a younger son of Richard FitzGilbert of Clare and Tunbridge (G.E.C.).
    The connection with the De Quincy arms is not quite clear; see Introduction, p.lvii, note 4.

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  • Bibliography

    • Tonnochy 1952 332 bibliographic details
    • Adams et al 2008 8.1 bibliographic details
    • Robinson 2008 p. 258 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:
    2017 26 May-03 Sep, Lincoln, The Collection, Battles and Dynasties
    2015 13 Mar-1 Sep, London, The British Library, Magna Carta
    1987-1988 6 Nov-6 Mar, London, Royal Academy of Arts, Age of Chivalry: Art in Plantagenet England 1200-1400
    1978 4 May-27 Aug, London, BM, Heraldry: British Heraldry from its origins to circa 1800

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1841

  • Acquisition notes

    Found in reign of Charles II.

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    1841,0624.1

COMPASS Image Caption: Seal-die, Medieval England, AD 1213-19

Unknown

COMPASS Image Caption: Seal-die, Medieval England, AD 1213-19

Image description

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Object reference number: MCM157

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