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seal-impression / seal

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1917,1110.1

  • Description

    Double-sided circular bronze seal-matrix with three pierced lugs and corresponding pegs. On the obverse is Inchaffray Abbey in Scotland with a central canopy under which a nimbed St John stands with a quill pen and book. There is a legend within pearled borders. On the reverse is a cusped border of eight points and the eagle of St John the Evangelist holding a scroll with a legend and on the surround the same legend as on the obverse. With wax impressions.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 1260-1300
  • Production place

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Diameter: 7.7 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        reverse|scroll
      • Inscription Content

        I . PRICIPIO: ERAT . VERBV
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Position

        obverse and reverse
      • Inscription Content

        + S'. COMVNE : ECCE : SCI . IOhIS : EWANGELISTE . DE . INSVLA . MISSARVM.
  • Curator's comments

    Text from 'Good Impressions: Image and Authority in Medieval Seals', ed. Adams, Cherry and Robinson. British Museum 2008. Handlist no. 1.2.
    Seal from Inchaffray Abbey.
    This seal is used to make a double-sided wax impression. The front depicts the patron saint of Inchaffray Abbey, St John, standing inside the building.
    On the back is his symbol, the eagle.

    See also Glenn, V., 'Thirteenth-century seals - Tayside, Fife and the wider world', Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal, no. 5, 1999. pp. 146-162.

    A note written by Tonnochy on the back of a plaster cast reads:
    cf.1917.1110.1
    Impression from a fake matrix. See letter from Charles D. Peters 1. 1. 47.


    nevans
    Date     27 Aug 2010
        Text from 'Catalogue of British Seal-Dies in the British Museum', A.B. Tonnochy, London 1952, cat. no. 938.
            The house of Austin Canons at Inchaffray, near Crieff, Perthshire, was founded by Earl Gilbert in 1200, the place which, as its name Insula Missarum implies, saw the frequent celebration of religious rites. For this and other Inchaffray seals see 'Scottish History Society Publications', vol. lvi (1908), 'Charters of Inchaffray Abbey', p. 309, Edinburgh 1908; 'Proc. Soc. Ant. Scot.',' lvii. p. 171.

    .

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  • Bibliography

    • Adams et al 2008 1.2 bibliographic details
    • Tonnochy 1952 938 bibliographic details
    • Robinson 2008 p. 60 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G40/dc14/sC

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1917

  • Department

    Britain, Europe and Prehistory

  • Registration number

    1917,1110.1

COMPASS Title: Bronze seal-die of Inchaffray Abbey;Bronze seal-die of Inchaffray Abbey

Unknown

COMPASS Title: Bronze seal-die of Inchaffray Abbey;Bronze seal-die of Inchaffray Abbey

Image description

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Object reference number: MCM3820

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