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stamnos

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1839,0214.70

  • Description

    Pottery: red-figured stamnos.
    (a) Contest of Heracles with the river god Acheloos. Heracles, bearded, with short hair wreathed, coming from the left, has thrown his left leg across the body of Acheloos, and bends forward, compressing the river-god's throat with his left hand, while with his right he tries to break off the horn. Acheloos has the bust of a Seilenos or Centaur, to which is joined the long scaly body of a snake, with spiny fins above and below; the tail is partly broken away near the end, so that it is difficult to decide if it was forked or not; he has long hair and beard, a squat nose, and horse's ears; with each hand grasping a wrist of Heracles, he vainly tries to loosen the other's hold. Beside him is inscribed his name, Άχελώο[ς. Above, Ήρακλή[ς. Over the group, ΦΑΝΦ…EΠOIEI, Φάνφ[αιος] έποίει; the end of this inscription is crowded in between the palmette and border, whence, perhaps, the shortened form, instead of the usual έποίησεν.
    (b) Bearded satyr and Maenad dancing. [Of the Seilenos only the face is preserved, with part of his flutes; part of the cap, left arm, and forehead of the Maenad are also missing.] On the right a bearded with an elaborate ivy-wreath plays on the flutes to left; in front of him a Maenad, with long branch over her right shoulder, and playing castanets with her left hand in air, dances to right; she wears long chiton and mantle, over which is a panther's skin, the head over her left shoulder, the fore paws knotted on her chest, a tall conical cap wreathed with ivy, and earrings. Behind her her name (retr.), Ώρείθν(ί)α.
    Finest style of Pamphaios. Purple wreaths, leaves, inscriptions. Inner markings, in fine black glaze lines. Eye in archaic form, with dotted pupil. Outline of hair incised; edge of beard in fine dots or lines. Below, two thin red lines close together. Above, on the shoulder, an ivy-wreath surmounted by a band of tongue pattern. Around the bottom of the body rays, and around the handles tongue. All these ornaments are black on red. Below-each handle is a double palmette, from which three (in one case two) palmettes issue on each side ; these are red on black. At the upper part of each insertion of a handle is a small raised knob, left red, as if intended to imitate the rivets in a metal vase of this form; the shape of the lip is very metallic in treatment.

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  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 530BC-500BC (circa)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 27.94 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
  • Curator's comments

    BM Cat. Vases

    Bull. dell’ Inst. 1835, p. 125; Gerhard, A. V. ii, pl. 115, p. 106; Panofka, Der Vasenb. Panphaios, pl. 5, p. 6, no. 9; Wiener Vorlegebl. D, pl. vi, 2; Brunn, Künstlergesch. ii, p. 725, no. 19; Trans. Roy. Soc. Lit. 1843, i, p. 100, pl. iii; Klein, Meistersig.2 p. 97; see Arch. Zeit. 1885, p. 110, note; Kretschmer, Vaseninschr. pp. 136, 150.

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  • Bibliography

    • Old Catalogue 789 bibliographic details
    • Vase E437 bibliographic details
    • CVA British Museum 3 III Ic Pl. 19, 1 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G20A/7C

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:

    2000 Barcelona, Founding of the City
    2013-2014 4 Dec-10 Mar, Lens, Musee du Louvre, Les Etrusques et la Mediterranee: la cite de Cerveteri
    2014 14 Apr-20 Jul, Rome, Palazzo delle Espizioni, Les Etrusques et la Mediterranee: la cite de Cerveteri

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1839

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1839,0214.70

Pottery: red-figured stamnos.  (a) Contest of Heracles with the river god Acheloos. Heracles, bearded, with short hair wreathed, coming from the left, has thrown his left leg across the body of Acheloos, and bends forward, compressing the river-god's throat with his left hand, while with his right he tries to break off the horn. Acheloos has the bust of a Seilenos or Centaur, to which is joined the long scaly body of a snake, with spiny fins above and below; the tail is partly broken away near the end, so that it is difficult to decide if it was forked or not; he has long hair and beard, a squat nose, and horse's ears; with each hand grasping a wrist of Heracles, he vainly tries to loosen the other's hold. Beside him is inscribed his name, ??e???[?. Above, ??a???[?. Over the group, F??F…E?OIEI, F??f[a???] ?p??e?; the end of this inscription is crowded in between the palmette and border, whence, perhaps, the shortened form, instead of the usual ?p???se?.  (b) Bearded satyr and Maenad dancing. [Of the Seilenos only the face is preserved, with part of his flutes; part of the cap, left arm, and forehead of the Maenad are also missing.] On the right a bearded with an elaborate ivy-wreath plays on the flutes to left; in front of him a Maenad, with long branch over her right shoulder, and playing castanets with her left hand in air, dances to right; she wears long chiton and mantle, over which is a panther's skin, the head over her left shoulder, the fore paws knotted on her chest, a tall conical cap wreathed with ivy, and earrings. Behind her her name (retr.), ??e???(?)a.  Finest style of Pamphaios. Purple wreaths, leaves, inscriptions. Inner markings, in fine black glaze lines. Eye in archaic form, with dotted pupil. Outline of hair incised; edge of beard in fine dots or lines. Below, two thin red lines close together. Above, on the shoulder, an ivy-wreath surmounted by a band of tongue pattern. Around the bottom of the body rays, and around the handles tongue. All these ornaments are black on red. Below-each handle is a double palmette, from which three (in one case two) palmettes issue on each side ; these are red on black. At the upper part of each insertion of a handle is a small raised knob, left red, as if intended to imitate the rivets in a metal vase of this form; the shape of the lip is very metallic in treatment.

Pottery: red-figured stamnos. (a) Contest of Heracles with the river god Acheloos. Heracles, bearded, with short hair wreathed, coming from the left, has thrown his left leg across the body of Acheloos, and bends forward, compressing the river-god's throat with his left hand, while with his right he tries to break off the horn. Acheloos has the bust of a Seilenos or Centaur, to which is joined the long scaly body of a snake, with spiny fins above and below; the tail is partly broken away near the end, so that it is difficult to decide if it was forked or not; he has long hair and beard, a squat nose, and horse's ears; with each hand grasping a wrist of Heracles, he vainly tries to loosen the other's hold. Beside him is inscribed his name, ??e???[?. Above, ??a???[?. Over the group, F??F…E?OIEI, F??f[a???] ?p??e?; the end of this inscription is crowded in between the palmette and border, whence, perhaps, the shortened form, instead of the usual ?p???se?. (b) Bearded satyr and Maenad dancing. [Of the Seilenos only the face is preserved, with part of his flutes; part of the cap, left arm, and forehead of the Maenad are also missing.] On the right a bearded with an elaborate ivy-wreath plays on the flutes to left; in front of him a Maenad, with long branch over her right shoulder, and playing castanets with her left hand in air, dances to right; she wears long chiton and mantle, over which is a panther's skin, the head over her left shoulder, the fore paws knotted on her chest, a tall conical cap wreathed with ivy, and earrings. Behind her her name (retr.), ??e???(?)a. Finest style of Pamphaios. Purple wreaths, leaves, inscriptions. Inner markings, in fine black glaze lines. Eye in archaic form, with dotted pupil. Outline of hair incised; edge of beard in fine dots or lines. Below, two thin red lines close together. Above, on the shoulder, an ivy-wreath surmounted by a band of tongue pattern. Around the bottom of the body rays, and around the handles tongue. All these ornaments are black on red. Below-each handle is a double palmette, from which three (in one case two) palmettes issue on each side ; these are red on black. At the upper part of each insertion of a handle is a small raised knob, left red, as if intended to imitate the rivets in a metal vase of this form; the shape of the lip is very metallic in treatment.

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