Collection online

capital

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1891,0806.1

  • Description

    Marble capital carved on each side with a caryatid-like female figure between the foreparts of winged bulls (part of one the bull's head is now missing, along with most of the caryatid on one side); the bulls' heads incline downwards, the curls on the head and face indicated with additional chiselling; the surviving caryatid is female in the upper part, wearing a tunic (chiton) belted at the waist; below this the body turns into a spray of acanthus leaves and tendrils; on her head is a tall polos-style headdress (upper part broken away along with much of the face) which supports the plinth on top of the capital; her arms are held in the air to the level of the plinth.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 300 BC-250 BC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 0.91 metres
  • Curator's comments

    For description and discussion of the capital see Karageorghis and Vermeule 1966, 24-5 no. 90 and pl. XIX and Roux 1980, esp. 258-60 (with earlier references). The style of this capital originates in Achaemenid art which later became popular in the Greek world, such as on Delos. Roux 1980 provides a detailed analysis of the antecedants and parallels, where he stresses the likely votive, rather than architectural, function of the capital.

    The date of the capital remains uncertain, with views ranging from the mid-4th to mid-3rd century BC to Roman imperial times (see Karageorghis and Vermeule 1966, 24; Vermeule 1976, 46; Yon 2009, 305 favours the first half of the 3rd century BC).

    The function of the capital is also unclear. Karageorghis and Vermeule suggested that it may have formed part of a monument celebrating a naval victory, while Yon connects it with the later Roman cult of Zeus Salaminios (2009, 305).

    Bibliography:
    Karageorghis V. and Vermeule C. 1966, Sculptures from Salamis II. Salamis Vol. 2 (Nicosia).

    Roux G. 1980, 'Le chapiteau à protomés de taureaux découvert a Salamine de Chypre', in ed. M. Yon, Salamine de Chypre. Histoire et archéologie (Paris), 257-74.

    Yon M. 2009, 'Le cult impériale à Salamine', CCEC 39, 289-308 (see 305 and fig. 10).

    Vermeule C. 1976, Greek and Roman Cyprus: Art from Classical through Late Antique times (Boston), 46 and pl. II.2.

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  • Bibliography

    • Sculpture 1510 bibliographic details
    • Karageorghis and Vermeule 1966 no. 90; pl. XIX and figs 7-8 bibliographic details
    • Munro and Tubbs 1891 pp. 133-5 and fig. 4 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Subjects

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1891

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1891,0806.1

Marble(?) capital of a column with a caryatid between the foreparts of winged bulls (one bull's head is missing).

Marble(?) capital of a column with a caryatid between the foreparts of winged bulls (one bull's head is missing).

Image description

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Object reference number: GAA9237

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