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drinking-cup

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1873,0820.379

  • Description

    Pottery: black-figured cup. Designs black on grey ground (damaged by firing), with faded accessories of white and purple.
    Interior, in a medallion, with border of tongue-pattern: Dionysos riding on an ithyphallic mule to left; he is bearded, with long hair, ivy-wreath, short embroidered chiton, and chlamys fastened in front, in left hand a cantharos, in right ivy-branches. In advance of him and at further side of mule is a Maenad moving to left, looking back, with ivy-wreath and long embroidered chiton. On either side is an ithyphallic Satyr, facing the centre; the one on the right plays the double flute. Round the central design is a frieze with a procession of Trojan (?) warriors: In a quadriga to right are two bearded figures, in long chitons and embroidered himatia, the nearer one holding two spears and the reins; one of them has a high-crested helmet slung behind him. In advance of them are a pair of archers side by side to right, looking back, bearded, with high peaked caps and embroidered jerkins and anaxyrides (trousers) in one piece; both carry quivers, and one an axe. By the further side of the horses are two fully-armed warriors with parameridia, each carrying two spears; the first has a pellet and two crescents on his shield, the second a high-crested helmet; with them are three archers (as before, the first and last with axes); the first three are to left, the other two to right, looking back. In front of the horses is a youth to left, with an embroidered chlamys over his shoulders, followed by an archer and warrior side by side to left, as before; the warrior has a triquetra on his shield; a similar pair; the warrior has a bull's head on his shield; an archer as before, and an archer and warrior (as before) side by side; a youth on horseback in a himation with crenellated border, carrying two spears; by his side a similar bearded figure, and an archer (as before); three similar pairs of archers and warriors side by side, on the shield of the first, part of a chariot, on that of the second, a tripod; all these figures are to left. [Here a large portion is lost.] Next, a youth on horseback to left, with long hair and himation with crenellated border; by his side an archer to left looking back (as before), and a warrior to left with a high-crested helmet, and two spears, but no shield; behind them an archer and warrior side by side, as before (the device on the latter's shield obliterated), and two warriors, the devices on their shields obliterated; all four to left. Next are: a warrior looking to right, with helmet and two spears; a youth on horseback to right, with two spears, his upper part lost; by his side a warrior to left, only part of his helmet and rim of shield visible, carrying two spears; an archer to right (as before, with sword and axe) confronting a warrior with high-crested helmet, shield, and two spears; an archer to right, looking back (as before); a bearded figure on horseback to right, with petasos, short chiton, himation with crenellated border, sword and two spears; two fully armed warriors to right leading a horse, each with parameridia and two spears, and confronting them, two similar warriors, the device on one shield obliterated; next is an archer to right (as before); lastly, two archers to right, as before, one with sword and axe, who immediately follow the chariot first described.
    Exterior: (a) Contest of Heracles and Geryon: Heracles to right, with lion's skin tied at the waist over a short embroidered chiton, brandishes sword in right hand against Geryon, who is represented as usual, all three bodies being fully armed. The nearer one has a short diapered chiton; the device on his shield is obliterated; the further one is apparently falling wounded, as his legs are doubled under him. Between the combatants is Erytheia to right looking back, in a long embroidered chiton, her right hand extended to Athene, who stands to right behind Heracles; she has long hair, high-crested helmet, the crest cut off by the edge of the vase, long striped chiton, and shield with a snake in high relief. Behind Geryon is the dog Orthros fallen wounded on his back to right. On either side, large eyes, with black and white rings, and black outlines on the clay.
    (b) Contest of Heracles with the Amazons: In the centre is Heracles to right, with lion's skin tied at the waist over a short striped chiton, quiver with open lid in the form of a wing, sheath at side, and sword in right hand, attacking two Amazons; they have long tresses, high-crested helmets with cheek-pieces, cuirasses, short embroidered chitons, and swords, and thrust at him with spears. The nearer one has parameridia, greaves, a necklace, and a Gorgoneion on her shield, the other has a tripod as her device. Between the combatants is an Amazon fallen back to left on one knee, with long tresses, high-crested helmet, cuirass, short chiton, sword, and Boeotian shield with device of a large thunderbolt, and boss in the shape of a rosette. On the left, is an Amazon kneeling on one knee to right (long tresses, high-crested helmet with cheek pieces, cuirass, short striped chiton, spear, and shield with device of an ivy-wreath), engaging with a Greek warrior (high-crested helmet with fillet, cuirass, short diapered chiton, greaves, spear, and shield with device of a bull's head), and seizing the handle of his shield with her left hand. On either side are large eyes, as on (a). On the left and nearly covered by the handle, is a Greek fully armed, with short chiton, sword, and spear, advancing to left to defend another Greek warrior, under the handle, kneeling to right and looking back, in high-crested helmet and short chiton, nearly obliterated. Beyond the handle on the left is an Amazon attacking the latter with her spear; she has long tresses, high-crested helmet with cheek pieces, cuirass, short embroidered chiton, and sword; the lower part of her is obliterated.
    Under the other handle is Dionysos seated to right on an okladias, bearded, with long hair, ivy-wreath, long chiton and himation, in left hand a large vine extending on either side, with clusters of grapes. Behind him is a Satyr crouching down to right, with right hand raised. Above the handle are three Satyrs in various attitudes, two on the left-hand side confronted, and one on the right, gathering grapes from the vine held by Dionysos.
    Below: Lotus-buds, and rays alternately outlined and black. Round the stem, similar rays pointing downwards; round the foot underneath, tongue-pattern in black.

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  • Producer name

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 530BC-510BC
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Ware

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 22.86 centimetres
    • Diameter: 53.34 centimetres
  • Curator's comments

    The largest black-figured cup known to have survived, its grey colour probably results from being burnt on a funerary pyre.BM Cat. Vases

    Mon. dell’ Inst. ix. pls. 9-11; Ann. dell' Inst. xli. (1869), p. 245; Bull, dell' Inst. 1866, p. 217 and 1868, p. 218; Corey, Amaz. Ant. Fig. pp. 26, 63; J.H.S. v. p. 182.

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  • Bibliography

    • Vase B426 bibliographic details
    • CVA British Museum 2 III H e Pl. 21, 1 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Condition

    Badly damaged.

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1873

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1873,0820.379

Pottery: black-figured cup. Designs black on grey ground (damaged by firing), with faded accessories of white and purple.   Interior, in a medallion, with border of tongue-pattern: Dionysos riding on an ithyphallic mule to left; he is bearded, with long hair, ivy-wreath, short embroidered chiton, and chlamys fastened in front, in left hand a cantharos, in right ivy-branches. In advance of him and at further side of mule is a Maenad moving to left, looking back, with ivy-wreath and long embroidered chiton. On either side is an ithyphallic Satyr, facing the centre; the one on the right plays the double flute. Round the central design is a frieze with a procession of Trojan (?) warriors: In a quadriga to right are two bearded figures, in long chitons and embroidered himatia, the nearer one holding two spears and the reins; one of them has a high-crested helmet slung behind him. In advance of them are a pair of archers side by side to right, looking back, bearded, with high peaked caps and embroidered jerkins and anaxyrides (trousers) in one piece; both carry quivers, and one an axe. By the further side of the horses are two fully-armed warriors with parameridia, each carrying two spears; the first has a pellet and two crescents on his shield, the second a high-crested helmet; with them are three archers (as before, the first and last with axes); the first three are to left, the other two to right, looking back. In front of the horses is a youth to left, with an embroidered chlamys over his shoulders, followed by an archer and warrior side by side to left, as before; the warrior has a triquetra on his shield; a similar pair; the warrior has a bull's head on his shield; an archer as before, and an archer and warrior (as before) side by side; a youth on horseback in a himation with crenellated border, carrying two spears; by his side a similar bearded figure, and an archer (as before); three similar pairs of archers and warriors side by side, on the shield of the first, part of a chariot, on that of the second, a tripod; all these figures are to left. [Here a large portion is lost.] Next, a youth on horseback to left, with long hair and himation with crenellated border; by his side an archer to left looking back (as before), and a warrior to left with a high-crested helmet, and two spears, but no shield; behind them an archer and warrior side by side, as before (the device on the latter's shield obliterated), and two warriors, the devices on their shields obliterated; all four to left. Next are: a warrior looking to right, with helmet and two spears; a youth on horseback to right, with two spears, his upper part lost; by his side a warrior to left, only part of his helmet and rim of shield visible, carrying two spears; an archer to right (as before, with sword and axe) confronting a warrior with high-crested helmet, shield, and two spears; an archer to right, looking back (as before); a bearded figure on horseback to right, with petasos, short chiton, himation with crenellated border, sword and two spears; two fully armed warriors to right leading a horse, each with parameridia and two spears, and confronting them, two similar warriors, the device on one shield obliterated; next is an archer to right (as before); lastly, two archers to right, as before, one with sword and axe, who immediately follow the chariot first described.  Exterior: (a) Contest of Heracles and Geryon: Heracles to right, with lion's skin tied at the waist over a short embroidered chiton, brandishes sword in right hand against Geryon, who is represented as usual, all three bodies being fully armed. The nearer one has a short diapered chiton; the device on his shield i

Pottery: black-figured cup. Designs black on grey ground (damaged by firing), with faded accessories of white and purple. Interior, in a medallion, with border of tongue-pattern: Dionysos riding on an ithyphallic mule to left; he is bearded, with long hair, ivy-wreath, short embroidered chiton, and chlamys fastened in front, in left hand a cantharos, in right ivy-branches. In advance of him and at further side of mule is a Maenad moving to left, looking back, with ivy-wreath and long embroidered chiton. On either side is an ithyphallic Satyr, facing the centre; the one on the right plays the double flute. Round the central design is a frieze with a procession of Trojan (?) warriors: In a quadriga to right are two bearded figures, in long chitons and embroidered himatia, the nearer one holding two spears and the reins; one of them has a high-crested helmet slung behind him. In advance of them are a pair of archers side by side to right, looking back, bearded, with high peaked caps and embroidered jerkins and anaxyrides (trousers) in one piece; both carry quivers, and one an axe. By the further side of the horses are two fully-armed warriors with parameridia, each carrying two spears; the first has a pellet and two crescents on his shield, the second a high-crested helmet; with them are three archers (as before, the first and last with axes); the first three are to left, the other two to right, looking back. In front of the horses is a youth to left, with an embroidered chlamys over his shoulders, followed by an archer and warrior side by side to left, as before; the warrior has a triquetra on his shield; a similar pair; the warrior has a bull's head on his shield; an archer as before, and an archer and warrior (as before) side by side; a youth on horseback in a himation with crenellated border, carrying two spears; by his side a similar bearded figure, and an archer (as before); three similar pairs of archers and warriors side by side, on the shield of the first, part of a chariot, on that of the second, a tripod; all these figures are to left. [Here a large portion is lost.] Next, a youth on horseback to left, with long hair and himation with crenellated border; by his side an archer to left looking back (as before), and a warrior to left with a high-crested helmet, and two spears, but no shield; behind them an archer and warrior side by side, as before (the device on the latter's shield obliterated), and two warriors, the devices on their shields obliterated; all four to left. Next are: a warrior looking to right, with helmet and two spears; a youth on horseback to right, with two spears, his upper part lost; by his side a warrior to left, only part of his helmet and rim of shield visible, carrying two spears; an archer to right (as before, with sword and axe) confronting a warrior with high-crested helmet, shield, and two spears; an archer to right, looking back (as before); a bearded figure on horseback to right, with petasos, short chiton, himation with crenellated border, sword and two spears; two fully armed warriors to right leading a horse, each with parameridia and two spears, and confronting them, two similar warriors, the device on one shield obliterated; next is an archer to right (as before); lastly, two archers to right, as before, one with sword and axe, who immediately follow the chariot first described. Exterior: (a) Contest of Heracles and Geryon: Heracles to right, with lion's skin tied at the waist over a short embroidered chiton, brandishes sword in right hand against Geryon, who is represented as usual, all three bodies being fully armed. The nearer one has a short diapered chiton; the device on his shield i

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Object reference number: GAA9763

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