Collection online

base

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1994,0122.2

  • Description

    Inscribed stone base for a statue (now lost) of Tiberius Claudius Candidus, with a Latin text of 24 lines describing his career as a contemporary and ally of Lucius Septimius Severus, who fought in the civil war following the assassination of Commodus in AD192.

  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 197-199
  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Dimensions

    • Length: 86 centimetres
    • Width: 55 centimetres
    • Height: 52 centimetres
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Language

        Latin
      • Inscription Content

        <<TIB · CL · CANDIDO · COS>>
        XV · VIR · S · F · LEG · AVGG ·
        PR · PR · PROVINC · H · C ·
        ET IN EA DVCI TERRA MARIQVE
        ADVERSVS REBELLES · H · H · P · P ·
        ITEM · ASIAE · ITEM · NORICAE
        DVCI EXERCITVS ILLYRICI
        EXPEDITIONE ASIANA ITEM PARTHICA
        ITEM GALLICA LOGISTAE CIVITATIS
        SPLENDIDISSIMAE NICOMEDENSIVM
        ITEM · EPHESIORVM LEG · PR · PR · PROVIN
        ASIAE CVR · CIVITATIS TEANENSIVM
        ALLECTO INTER PRAETORIOS · ITEM
        TRIBVNICIOS · PROC · XX · HERED · PER
        GALLIAS · LVGDVNENSEM · ET BEL
        GICAM · ET · VTRAMQ · GERMANIAM
        PRAEPOSITO COPIARVM · EXPEDITI
        ONIS GERMANICAE SECVNDAE
        TRIB · MIL · LEG · II AVG · PRAEFECTO
        COHRTIS · SECVNDAE CIVIVM
        ROMANORVM
        SILIVS HOSPES · HASTATVS · LEG · X ·
        GEMINAE · STRATOR · EIVS
        OPTIMO · PRAESIDI
      • Inscription Transliteration

        <<Tib(erio) Cl(audio) Candido co(n)s(uli)>>
        XV vir(o) s(acris) f(aciundis) leg(ato) Augg(ustorum)
        pr(o) pr(aetore) provinc(ia) H(ispaniae) C(iterioris)
        et in ea duci terra marique
        adversus rebelles hh(ostes) pp(ublicos)
        item Asiae item Noricae
        duci exercitus Illyrici
        expeditione Asiana item Parthica
        item Gallica logistae civitatis
        splendidissimae Nicomedensium
        item Ephesiorum leg(ato) pr(o) pr(aetore) provin(ciae)
        Asiae cur(atori) civitatis Teanensium
        allecto inter praetorios item
        tribunicios proc(uratori) ((vigesimae)) hered(itatium) per
        Gallias Lugdunensem et Bel/gicam
        et utramq(ue) Germaniam
        praeposito copiarum expediti/onis
        Germanicae secundae
        trib(uno) mil(itum) leg(ionis) II Aug(ustae) praefecto
        coh<o>rtis secundae civium
        Romanorum
        Silius Hospes hastatus leg(ionis) X
        Geminae strator eius
        optimo praesidi
      • Inscription Translation

        To Tiberius Claudius Candidus, consul, one of the fifteen men in charge of priestly duties, governor of the province of Hispania Citerior for the two emperors, as well as military commander on land and on sea against rebels and enemies of the State in the same province, also (against rebels and enemies) in Asia and Noricum, commander of the Illyrian ‘elite force’ during the campaign in Asia, also (the campaigns) in Parthia, and in Gaul; military administrative official of the most prestigious city Nicomedia, also of Ephesus, praetorian legate of the province of Asia, financial superintendent of the city of Teanum, appointed to the ranks of praetors and tribunes, procurator of the five-percent inheritance tax for Gallia Lugdunensis, Gallia Belgica and both provinces of Germania, commander of the supplies during the second German campaign, military tribune of Legion II ‘Augusta’, praefect of the second cohort of Roman citizens.
        Silius Hospes, hastatus of Legion X ‘Gemina’, his groom, (erected this) for the finest governor.
      • Inscription Comment

        Line 1: ligature of IB in TIB
        Line 8: ligature of NE in EXPEDITIONE
        Line 16: ligature of AM in GERMANIAM.
  • Curator's comments

    Tiberius Claudius Candidus was appointed governor of Hispania Tarraconensis in 197 AD, after a long and impressive career. He was instrumental in the between Clodius Albinus and Septimius Severus, as an ally of the latter. However, he received the damnatio memoriae in 198/9 for unknown reasons, and was executed.

    Select bibliography:
    - J. Fitz (1966) Réflexions sur la carriere de Tib. Claudius Candidus, Latomus 25: 831-846.
    - Géza Alföldy (1975) Die römischen Inschriften von Tarraco. Madrider Forschungen, Band 10. Berlin: nr. 130.
    - David S. Potter (2015) Inscriptions and the Narrative of Roman history, in Christer Bruun, Jonathan Edmondson (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Roman Epigraphy, p 358-360.

    More 

  • Bibliography

    • CIL II 4114 bibliographic details
  • Location

    On display: G70

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1994

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1994,0122.2


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Object reference number: GAA26239

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