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helmet

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    1823,0610.1

  • Description

    Bronze Etruscan helmet of the Negau type with an inscribed text in the Syracusan Greek alphabet; domed body made of hammered sheet bronze, lower part concave, with a small lip around the bottom edge; the inscription translates 'Hieron, son of Deinomenes, and the Syracusans, [dedicated] to Zeus Etruscan [spoils] from Cumae': the object is believed to have been captured at the battle of Cumae in 474 BC and deposited in the Sanctuary of Zeus at Olympia as a dedication to the god.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 474BC (circa)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Type series

    • Negau
  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Height: 19.8 centimetres
    • Width: 21.7 centimetres
    • Depth: 24 centimetres
    • Weight: 744 grammes
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Syracusan Greek alphabet
      • Inscription Language

        ancient Greek
      • Inscription Translation

        Hieron, son of Deinomenes, and the Syracusans (dedicated) to Zeus Etruscan (spoils) from Cumae.
  • Curator's comments

    See S. Haynes, Etruscan civilization. A cultural history (London: British Museum Press, 2000), pp. 261-262.

  • Bibliography

    • Inscription 1155 bibliographic details
    • CIG 16 bibliographic details
    • Bronze 250 bibliographic details
    • Cristofani 1985 9.21.1 bibliographic details
    • Cook 1987 p. 56, fig. 52 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Exhibition history

    Exhibited:

    1980, 5 Jun- 26 Oct, London, BM, The Ancient Olympic Games
    2008, 1 May-12 Jul, Shanghai, The Ancient Olympic Games
    2008, 2 Aug-31 Sep, Hong Kong, The Ancient Olympic Games
    2012-2013, Sep- Jan, Sicily, Museo Archeologica Regionale "Paolo Orsi" di Siracusa.
    2013, 3 Apr-19 Aug, Los Angeles, Getty Villa at the J Paul Getty Museum "Sicily: Between Greece and Rome"
    2013-2014, Sept-Jan, Cleveland Art Museum, 'Sicily: Between Greece and Rome'
    2016, 28 Apr-14 Aug, London, British Museum, Sicily: Culture and Conquest
    2017, 11 Apr-27 Nov, Scavi di Pompei, Pompei e i Greci

  • Subjects

  • Associated names

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1823

  • Acquisition notes

    The Donation Letter is bound in the volume D. Bronsted, Sopra un'Iscrizione Greca scolpita in un antico elmo di bronze rinvenuto nelle ruine di Olimpia del Peloponneso (Naples, 1820), in the Library of the Department of Greece and Rome. It reads "The accompanying helmet is most respectfully offered for His Majesty's gracious acceptance by Major General Sir Patirck Ross, late Resident in the Island of Zante. This valuable antique was found amidst the Ruins of Olympia in the year 1817, and belonged, as its inscription derides, to a monument dedicated in the 5th century before Christ, to Jupiter by Hiero the 1st of Syracuse in commemoration of his victory at the Olympic Games. The monument is described in the 3rd volume of Pausanis. (address) August 1821."

  • Department

    Greek & Roman Antiquities

  • Registration number

    1823,0610.1

A bronze Etruscan helmet, captured at the battle of Cumae and deposited in the Sanctuary of Zeus at Olympia as a dedication to the god. The inscription translates 'Hieron, son of Deinomenes, and the Syracusans, [dedicated] to Zeus Etruscan [spoils] from Cumae'.

A bronze Etruscan helmet, captured at the battle of Cumae and deposited in the Sanctuary of Zeus at Olympia as a dedication to the god. The inscription translates 'Hieron, son of Deinomenes, and the Syracusans, [dedicated] to Zeus Etruscan [spoils] from Cumae'.

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Object reference number: GAA4953

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