Collection online

votive offering / block / base

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    125320

  • Description

    Rectangular limestone statuette base with a carved bilingual and bigraphic inscription in Greek (Cypro-Syllabic) and Phoenician (Phoenician alphabet). The maximum width and depth of the stone are preserved, but the upper part of the stone quite damaged (top left, and especially top right and right where part of the Phoenician text is missing). The top of the is also damaged, thoguh the maximum height appears to represent the top of the base: at the back left surface is a deep oval trough, probably for securing the statue mentioned in the inscription, though any corresponding hole(s) on the right are are missing.

    The Phoenician text consists of three lines, written right to left (sinistrograde), but is incomplete on both sides. The Cypro-Syllabic text occupies four lines, also sinistrograde, of which the beginning of the first three are also incomplete, but are fully preserved on the left side.

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  • Culture/period

  • Date

    • 375 BC (around)
  • Production place

  • Findspot

  • Materials

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • Width: 40.5 centimetres
    • Height: 27 centimetres (max. preserved)
    • Depth: 22 centimetres
    • Weight: 64 kilograms
  • Inscriptions

      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Phoenician
      • Inscription Language

        Phoenician
      • Inscription Comment

        Dedication to Reshef Mikal by Phoenician prince Baalrom, son of Abdimilk, in the fourth year of the reign of Milkyaton, King of Kition and Idalion.
      • Inscription Type

        inscription
      • Inscription Script

        Cypro-Syllabic
      • Inscription Language

        Ancient Greek
      • Inscription Comment

        Dedication to Apollo Amyklos by Phoenician prince Baalrom, son of Abdimilk, in the fourth year of the reign of Milkyaton, King of Kition and Idalion.
  • Curator's comments

    Found in the central part of the temple along with one Greek and five Phoenician inscriptions. It was this bilingual inscription that assisted the first decipherment of the Cypro-Syllabic script in the 1870s by the British Assyriologist Sidney Smith. Additional bibliography: Transactions of the Royal Society of Literature of the United Kingdom, vol. 11, p. 37; Transaction of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, Vol I, p.129; CIS 1.89; Schwyzer, Dialectorum Graecarum exempla epigraphica potiora..., Lepizig 1923, 680. Photo notes : Album 27/2

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  • Bibliography

    • Masson 1983 no. 220, pp. 246-8; pl. XXXVII,2 bibliographic details
  • Location

    Not on display

  • Associated names

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    1872

  • Department

    Middle East

  • BM/Big number

    125320

  • Registration number

    1872,0816.84

Limestone statuette base with a bilingual inscription in Greek and Phoenician; upper part of the stone quite damaged; Phoenician text consists of three lines but is incomplete; Cypro-Syllabic text in four lines, sinistrograde, of which the beginning of the first three are also incomplete.

Limestone statuette base with a bilingual inscription in Greek and Phoenician; upper part of the stone quite damaged; Phoenician text consists of three lines but is incomplete; Cypro-Syllabic text in four lines, sinistrograde, of which the beginning of the first three are also incomplete.

Image description

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Object reference number: WCO27567

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