Collection online

digital photograph

  • Object type

  • Museum number

    2013,2034.7610

  • Description

    Digital photograph (colour); view of engraved rock art on two rock faces, showing a frieze of six outlined, pecked cows depicted upright facing left, with curved upturned horns and patched, dotted and geometric coat pattern markings. The cows have small round shapes hanging from necks (cowbells?). To the left there are three human figures infilled with pecking, most of them depicted upright facing front, some holding spears and round shields. Interspersed throughout the panel and sometimes superimposed to or by the bigger figures there are many smaller outlined or infilled pecked giraffes, cows, ostriches and unidentified quadrupeds upright facing left or right, some with grid-style or patched coat pattern markings. Tigui Tongour, Chad.
    Scanned

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  • Producer name

  • Date

    • 17 March 2006 (date digitized)
    • November 1996 (original photograph)
  • Production place

  • Technique

  • Dimensions

    • File size: 117 megabytes
    • Resolution: 300 dots per inch
  • Curator's comments

    The photograph depicts an impressive frieze of eighteen big cows engraved along two long rock faces and surrounded by smaller images of other animals and human figures.
    See 2013,2034.7598 to 2013,2034.7609 and 2013,2034.7611 to 2013,2034.7635 for different views and details of this rock art site.

    The Tibesti Mountains are placed at the north-western corner of Chad, with a small part of them running into Libya. The central area of the Tibesti Mountains has a volcanic origin, with one third of the range covered by five volcanoes. That origin has formed vast plateaus as well as fumaroles, sulphur and natron deposits and other geologic formations. The erosion has shaped big canyons were seasonal rivers (wadis) flow irregularly. Rock art was discovered at the Tibesti Mountains as soon as 1869, although it was between the 1910’s and 1930’s when the first preliminary studies started to be carried on by François D’Alverny. However, the main boost in the research came in the 50’s and 60’s thanks to the work of Paul Huard. During the last 50 years, researchers have found thousands of depictions throughout the region, most of them engravings although paintings are well represented, too.

    As in the Ennedi plateau, the Tibesti Mountains engravings are more modern than those placed to the north, dating of about 5000 years BC, with the oldest images being related to the Round Heads style in the Central Sahara. Later depictions are very numerous, especially engravings and paintings of the Pastoral, Camel and Horse periods. As happens in the Ennedi Plateau, the Tibesti Mountains are characterized by the existence of different local styles, with differences between the northern and southern ranges.

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  • Location

    Not on display

  • Subjects

  • Associated places

  • Acquisition name

  • Acquisition date

    2013

  • Department

    Africa, Oceania & the Americas

  • Registration number

    2013,2034.7610

  • Additional IDs

    • CHATDS0020016 (TARA number)
Digital photograph (colour); view of engraved rock art on a rock face, showing a frieze of six outlined (pecked) cows upright facing left, curved upturned and forward horns, patched, dotted and geometric coat pattern markings. Cows have small round shapes hanging from necks (cowbells?). Left: three infilled (pecked) human figures upright facing front, some holding spears and round shields. Interspersed throughout the panel and sometimes superimposed to or by the bigger figures there are other smaller outlined or infilled (pecked) giraffes, cows, an elephant and unidentified quadrupeds upright facing left or right, some with grid-style or patched coat pattern markings. Tigui Tongour, Tibesti Mountains, Chad.  Scanned

Digital photograph (colour); view of engraved rock art on a rock face, showing a frieze of six outlined (pecked) cows upright facing left, curved upturned and forward horns, patched, dotted and geometric coat pattern markings. Cows have small round shapes hanging from necks (cowbells?). Left: three infilled (pecked) human figures upright facing front, some holding spears and round shields. Interspersed throughout the panel and sometimes superimposed to or by the bigger figures there are other smaller outlined or infilled (pecked) giraffes, cows, an elephant and unidentified quadrupeds upright facing left or right, some with grid-style or patched coat pattern markings. Tigui Tongour, Tibesti Mountains, Chad. Scanned

Reproduced by permission of the artist. © The Trustees of the British Museum

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